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40 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What are the three genres or types of classical rhetoric?
Deliberative, Epideictic, Forensic
What are the three artistic modes of proof?
Ethos, Pathos, Logos
If a UNH student is arrested for cocaine possession, the cocaine introduced as evidence in court would be considered what?
An inartistic constraint
Burke's ideas about "collaborative expectancy" are best understood in connection with what?
Formal identification
Analyze the following passage:

"I say it with a sad sense of the disparity between us. I am not included within the pale of this glorious anniversary! Your high independence only reveals the immeasurable distance between us. The blessings in which you, this day, rejoice are not enjoyed in common. The rich inheritance of justice, liberty, prosperity, and independence bequeathed by your fathers is shared by you, not by me. The sunlight that brought light and healing to you has brought stripes and death to me. This Fourth of July is yours, not mine. You may rejoice, I must mourn."--Frederick Douglass, "What to the Slave is the 4th of July?"


In the above passage from Douglass's extraordinary address, we see him violate one of the generic expectations for a typical commemorative celebration. In emphasizing the "distance" between himself and his audience, Douglass aims to show that he and they lack what?
Artistic constraints
Bitzer says that Ted Kennedy's 1980 speech "presumed the audience's knowledge of events" and "made appeals to unstated presumptions and values in the audience." Considering this, we might say Kennedy was aware of what?
Artistic constraints
If you are asked to give a eulogy at the funeral of a deceased friend, and decide what to say, in part, based on the type of speech you are giving, you would be responding to what?
Generic constraints
According to Aristotle, what is the "end" or purpose of government?
Happiness
Analyze the following passage:

Thank you Wildcats! . . . I'm not the type to make empty promises. But, if you make me your next President, my first executive order will be to give a full pardon for anything you did on spring break. Sound good? . . . And it's great to be back at UNH. I actually had a big fight with my staff over what time to have this rally. They wanted noon. I said 3:30, that way most of you would actually be awake." --John Kerry, "Remarks for the College Tour Kick-Off Rally"


Based on the above passage, we might characterize the candidate's remarks as relying chiefly on what?
consubstantiality
Aristotle defines rhetoric as the counterpart of what?
dialectic
Analyze the following passage:

"It would be strange that a subject which has aroused, in turn, all the passions of the country should be discussed without the interference of any of our own. We are men, and, therefore, not exempt from those passions; as citizens and representatives we feel the interests that must excite them. The hazard of great interests cannot fail to agitate strong passions." -- Fisher Ames, "Jay Treaty Speech"


Based on the passage above, the speech by Ames most likely employed which of the classical modes of proof?
Pathos
When Lloyd Bitzer (“Rhetorical Situation”) talks about rhetoric as a “pragmatic” art, he means what?
Rhetoric is meant to affect change in the world
In addressing the Houston Ministerial Association, presidential candidate John Kennedy was addressing which rhetorical exigence?
The need to attract some Protestant votes, especially in Texas.
Analyze the Following Passage:

"There are some who say that communism is the wave of the future. Let them come to Berlin. And there are some who say in Europe and elsewhere we can work with the Communists. Let them come to Berlin. And there are even a few who say that it is true that communism is an evil system, but it permits us to make economic progress. Lass sie nach Berlin kommen. Let them come to Berlin." --John Kennedy, Berlin Wall, 1962.


In the above passage, Kennedy employs what?
formal identification
Analyze the following passage:

"And in a Court of Justice, where there are two parties present, justice demands that the rights of each party should be allowed to himself, as well as that each party has a right, to be secured and protected by the Court. This observation is important, because I appear here on the behalf of thirty six individuals, the life and liberty of every one of whom depend on the decision of this Court. The Court, therefore, I trust, in deciding this case, will form no lumping judgment on these thirty six individuals, but will act on the consideration that the life and the liberty of every one of them must be determined by its decision for himself alone." --John Quincy Adams, "Argument in the United States Supreme Court in the Amistad case."

The passage above comes from an argument Adams delivered seeking the release of captive Africans brought illegally to the United States. In considering the rhetorical situation, and this passage, who is the rhetorical audience?
The justices of the U.S. Supreme Court.
Scandals like that involving Jack Abramoff and the influence of money and professional lobbying on members of Congress reveal the ways that an ideal rhetorical culture can be compromised. In a less corrupt rhetorical culture the main influence on our policy-making would not be money, violence, or power, but:
Persuasion
Analyze the following passage:

"May it please your Honours: I was desired by one of the court to look into the [law] books, and consider the question now before them concerning Writs of Assistance. I have accordingly considered it, and now appear not only in obedience to your order, but likewise in behalf of the inhabitants of this town, who have presented another petition, and out of regard to the liberties of the subject."-–James Otis, “Against Writs of Assistance”


Based on the passage above, the speech by Otis belongs most likely to which classical genre of rhetoric?
Forensic
What type of argument does Aristotle consider to be the "substance of rhetorical persuasion?"
Enthymeme
Which of the following are the three parts or constituents of a rhetorical situation?
Exigence, Audience, Constraints
In recognizing that rhetoric typically deals with matters of opinion and belief, rather than with scientific truths or certainty, we are reminded that we find rhetoric.
Where judgments are based on probabilities
When Daniel Webster tells the Salem jury that the murder of Captain White was not the result of passion or revenge, but rather “a cool, calculating, money-making murder,” he is employing which type of forensic topic from Aristotle?
The incentives to do wrong.
When President George H. W. Bush says that those who were killed at Pearl Harbor “knew the things worth living for but also worth dying for: Principle, decency, fidelity, honor,” he is attending primarily to which of the functions of epideictic discourse?
Ideological function
Which of the following are the inartistic proofs identified and discussed by Aristotle?
Oaths, Laws, Contracts, Witnesses, Torture
According to Aristotle, which of the following modes of proof is related closely to our understanding of epideictic topics?
Ethos
Which best characterizes Patrick Henry’s “Liberty or Death” speech?
A deliberative speech relying on topics of advantage and disadvantage.
Which is not characteristic of most epideictic oratory?
Relies on central topics of the good and advantageous
Analyze the following passage:
“From beneath that humble roof went forth the intrepid and unselfish warrior, the magistrate who knew no glory but his country’s good; to that he returned, happiest when his work was done. There he lived in noble simplicity, there he died in glory and peace. While it stands, the latest generations of the grateful children of America will make this pilgrimage to it as to a shrine; and when it shall fall, if fall it must, the memory and the name of Washington shall shed an eternal glory on the spot.” -- Edward Everett, “The Character of Washington.”

In the above commemorative address, Everett expresses a hope that Washington will be remembered by later generations. In so doing, he discharges his responsibility associated with what?
The historical function
Analyze the following passage:
"I stand before you under indictment for the alleged crime of having voted at the last presidential election, without having a lawful right to vote. It shall be my work this evening to prove to you that in thus doing, I not only committed no crime, but instead simply exercised my citizen’s right, guaranteed to me and all United States citizens by the National Constitution beyond the power of any State to deny."–From Susan B. Anthony’s “The Right to Vote.”

In the above passage, which is the legal issue, or point of forensic stasis that Anthony seems prepared to address?
Question of Definition
Analyze the following passage:
"The material I will present to you comes from a variety of sources. Some are U.S. sources and some are those of other countries. Some [of] the sources are technical, such as intercepted telephone conversations and photos taken by satellites. Other sources are people who have risked their lives." – Colin Powell, “Address to the U.N. Security Council" (regarding WMD in Iraq).

In the above passage, Secretary Powell makes clear that his address will involve the presentation of what?
Arguments crafted from consideration of inartistic proofs
Analyze the following passage

"It is an easy matter, O Athenians, to begin this accusation. But to end it without doing injustice to the cause will be attended with no small difficulty. For the crimes of Eratosthenes are not only too atrocious to describe, but too many to enumerate."”–From Lysias’s Speech Against Eratosthenes

Which best characterizes the speech from which the above passage is taken?
All of the above
According to Aristotle, which of the following is not considered to be a motive for voluntary action?
Chance
If a defendant acknowledges taking a car, but says he “borrowed” it with permission, rather than “stole” it, he would be arguing on what?
The issue of definition
Consider the following special topic from Aristotle's Rhetoric:
Things that deserve to be remembered are noble, and the more they deserve this, the nobler they are.

To which of the genres, or types of rhetoric does this special topic belong?
epideictic
Apologia” is best defined as:
A forensic address by a politician caught in a scandal
Which best characterizes Elizabeth Cady Stanton’s “Address to the New York Legislature?”
A deliberative speech addressing matters of legislation
In a criminal trial the prosecution has what?
burden of proof
In selling a product by comparing it to its competitors, an advertiser might employ which of Aristotle’s topics?
deliberative topics of the better
Analyze the following passage:
“As one example out of many, I might refer to Gen. John Stark, well known for his military achievements in all the wars of his time. A hunter in peace, a soldier in war; and as a soldier always the foremost and the bravest. And since he is brought to my remembrance, let me indulge in the recollection of him for a moment.”-–from Daniel Webster’s “Sons of New Hampshire” speech.

In the above passage, Webster exhibits the capacity of commemorative speech to accomplish what?
An Historical and a Sociological function.
According to Aristotle, seeking the good, or seeking pleasure, is the purpose of what?
All voluntary action
Because the written law of the State of New York forbade women from voting, Susan B. Anthony was unlikely in her defense to rely on arguments based on what?
particular law