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15 Cards in this Set

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Nutrition
study of the foods and beverages we eat, why we eat them, and what they do for us; a fairly young science, constantly learning
Nutrient
chemical substance provided to the body in foods/bevs + used to provide energy, structural support + regulation which supports growth, maintance, repair
Essential nutrient
nutrient the body can't make at all or in sufficient amounts
6 classes of nutrients
minerals
water
vitamins
carbs
proteins
fats/lipids
Inorganic nutrients
minterals, water
Organic nutrients
vitamins,carbs, proteins, fats,
Macro vs. micro nutrients (what it means)
macronutrients are needed by the body in large quantities; micro are only needed in small amounts
the macronutrients
water, fats, proteins, carbs

*macronutrient does not necessarily mean energy yielding
the micronutrients
vitamins, minerals
Energy yielding nutrients (definition and types)
carbs, proteins, fats/lipids
Non energy yielding nutrients (definition and types)
vitamins, minerals, water
Calorie (definition)
unit of heat energy measurement
Calories in:
carbs
proteins
fats
alcohol
4 kcal/g
4 kcal/g
7 kcal/g
8 kcal/g
Energy density
amnt of kcal/g of food
empty calories (definition + examples)
foods that provide calories, but few, if any nutrients,

ex. soda, candy