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17 Cards in this Set

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anemia
deficiency of RBCs, hemoglobin, or both in the circulating blood

S/S: weakness - SOB - pallor - tachycardia
hemolysis
destruction (lysis) of RBCs
pancytopenia
↓ numbers of all the formed elements from the bone marrow -- RBCs, platelets, & WBCs
polycythemia
overabundance of RBCs

* primary = cause unknown

* secondary = caused by long-term hypoxia

S/S: htn - headache - tinnitus - vertigo - panmyelosis - nosebleeds
panmyelosis
↑ level of all bone marrow components - RBCs, WBCs, & platelets
phlebotomy
withdrawal of blood
leukemia
* malignancy of WBC

* excessive, immature WBCs generated

S/S: infection - pallor - weakness - SOB - fatigue
disseminate intravascular coagulation (DIC)
* accelerated clotting throughout the peripheral blood vessels

* all clotting factors and platelet supplies are exhausted quickly

* clots can no longer be formed

* end result: bleeding from all routes possible

S/S: abnormal bleeding - petechiae - ecchymoses - nausea - dyspnea - coma - shock - severe muscle, back, and abdominal pain
idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)
↑ platelet destruction by the immune system
thrombocytopenia
abnormal ↓ in the number of blood platelets
glossitis
inflamed tongue - associated w/Fe deficiency
petechiae
* small, purplish, hemorrhagic spots on the skin

* appear in certain illnesses and bleeding disorders
ecchymoses
* bruises of varying size

* color may be blue-black, changing to greenish yellow or yellow with time
hemophilia
* severe lack of specific clotting factors

* Hem A = factor VIII deficient

* Hem B = factor IX deficient

S/S: excessive bleeding - hemarthrosis
hemarthrosis
bleeding into joints
pathological fractures
fracture resulting from pathological weakening of bone structure
multiple myeloma
cancer of plasma cells in bone marrow

S/S: skeletal pain - joint swelling - fever - malaise - pathological fractures - hypercalcemia