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16 Cards in this Set

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What was Ulysses S. Grant during the Civil War?
He was a Union General and was in charge of all the Union armies.
After Stanton was "suspended"(and later removed from office), Grant was given
'this' position.
Secretary of War
What major concepts did he support in his campaign for the Election of 1868?
He wanted radical Reconstruction but at the same time he also wanted the two sections to be able to reconciliate their differences.
Grant's opponent, Horatio Seymour was unsuccessful because of 'this' concept regarding the Civil War.(besides the fact that his platform only called for a moderate program that would allow the South to reorganize itself anyway)
The "Bloody Shirt"-stirred up wartime emotions and undercut Democratic support.
Which other president did Grant's northern vote percentage match with and what was the percent?
Abraham Lincoln; 55%(Extra: He Also recieved 214 of 294 electoral votes)
In the Election of 1872, dissidents broke away and formed 'this' party.
They formed the "Liberal Republicans"-Oddly enough they did not aim for liberal goals, rather they wanted a limited government, civil-service reform, and reconciliation with the South.
Who did the Liberal Republicans nominate in 1872?
They nominated Horace Greeley, an incredibly unpopular man who was criticized throughout the election year.
What percent of the popular vote did Grant recieve in the Election of 1872, and what percent of the electoral vote?
He recieved 56% of the popular vote and a complete 100% of the electoral vote.
What happened in the 1874 Elections?
The Democrats reestablished themselves as a legitimate American party and gained control of the House of Representatives for the 1st time since secession and won in 7 Republican northern states.
What was the Whiskey Ring scandal?
The Whiskey Ring was a network of liquor distillers and Treasury agents who defrauded the Treasury of millions of dollars of excise tax on whiskey.
Who organized the Ring?
The Ring was organized by the Union general, John A. McDonald who had been appointed as supervisor of internal revenue in St. Louis by Grant.
What was Orville Babcock's involvement?
He siphoned some of the money into the Republican campaign funds.
Who exposed the Ring and what happened as a result of this exposition?
Benjamin Bristow, the Secretary of Treasury exposed the Ring and prosecuted over 350 distiller and government officials. Grant aligned himself with Babcock, "risking his own neck" to keep his secretary out of jail.
What happened after 1873?
The US economy fell into a deep depression due to the bankruptcy of the Northern Pacific Railroad and Jay Cooke, its largest investor.
How did the public respond to the depression?
They felt that Republican fund manipulation had caused it.
What was one of the companies which had to declare bankruptcy due to the depression?
The Freedman's Savings and Trust Company failed in 1874 and Congress refused to compensate the depositors(former slaves), most of whom had lost their entire life savings because of it.