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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what are the 3 main parties of the UK
conservative - tories
social democrat - labour
liberals - liberal democrat
does UK use manufactured majority?
yes - instead of liberal democrat being a well competing third party, they only received 57 of the seats
what are the differences between parliamentary and presidential system?
legislative and executive fused; party with most votes forms the government; parliament may vote of no confidence of government
what are the difference between parliament and congress?
1. reactive! parliament considers bills instead of designing legislation - the prime minister and cabinet propose ad then the parliament votes - since most majority of parliament is from majority party > then usually passes without much problem
2. characterized by strong party discipline - parliaments in terms of parties not individuals
describe characteristics of the british parliamentary system
the shadow cabinet monitors the moves of government - moves from defense to offense when given the chance - immediate government change possible
-question hour: prime minister is responsible to government
-parliament has a manufactured majority (3rd party sits with opposition)
what is the british "gov"?
-government includes all ministers (appointed by prime minister)
-rarely policy experts
-ministers also must answer questions from parliament
describe the british legislature
-they rarely participate in policy making
-more of a place of political debate (especially for opposition)
-not fully staffed/well paid
what are the house of lords?
-no real power, cannot veto but only delay bills and suggest modifications
-there because of family
describe the british bureaucracy
-anonymity and technical expertise
-respected
-non partisan civil servants
-more knowledgeable then ministers
what is the british judiciary system like?
-parliament is sovereign and not subject to judiciary review
-is growing stronger though b/c of devolution (hear cases of federal system)
political culture
-pragmatism
-recognize humans as fallible
-does not talk high in the sky
-individualism
-more liberal, less involvement in social issues
-more tolerant
-less emphasis on religion and family values
-reluctant europeans (individualism)
-faith in political system (patriotism)
economic policy
-post war consensus - more welfare state than the US; experienced rebuilding, worked with farmers
electoral system
single member district - not proportional representation - smaller parties disadvantaged - Duverger's Law - wasted seats - 2 party emergence
interest group system
pluralist - lobbyist approach representative and try to persuade - less in comparison to US because more party discipline so have to influence party leaders - actually focus on party ideologies and not individual members
strong party discipline?
yes voted in based on ideologies not individual members (less likely to be influence by individual's personal life) - members must adhere to party - prime minister can get vote of no confidence
what is the british "gov"?
-government includes all ministers (appointed by prime minister)
-rarely policy experts
-ministers also must answer questions from parliament
describe the british legislature
-they rarely participate in policy making
-more of a place of political debate (especially for opposition)
-not fully staffed/well paid
what are the house of lords?
-no real power, cannot veto but only delay bills and suggest modifications
-there because of family
describe the british bureaucracy
-anonymity and technical expertise
-respected
-non partisan civil servants
-more knowledgeable then ministers
what is the british judiciary system like?
-parliament is sovereign and not subject to judiciary review
-is growing stronger though b/c of devolution (hear cases of federal system)
political culture
-pragmatism
-recognize humans as fallible
-does not talk high in the sky
-individualism
-more liberal, less involvement in social issues
-more tolerant
-less emphasis on religion and family values
-reluctant europeans (individualism)
-faith in political system (patriotism)
economic policy
-post war consensus - more welfare state than the US; experienced rebuilding, worked with farmers
electoral system
single member district - not proportional representation - smaller parties disadvantaged - Duverger's Law - wasted seats - 2 party emergence
interest group system
pluralist - lobbyist approach representative and try to persuade - less in comparison to US because more party discipline so have to influence party leaders - actually focus on party ideologies and not individual members
strong party discipline?
yes voted in based on ideologies not individual members (less likely to be influence by individual's personal life) - members must adhere to party - prime minister can get vote of no confidence