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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Scapular Abduction & Upward Rotation
Serratus Anterior; sitting (5-0) [test during shoulder flexion, ~ 130*]
Scapular elevation
Upper traps and levator scapulae; sitting (5-3), prone (2-0) [when prone, head should be straight down]
Scapular adduction
middle trap and rhomboid; prone (5-0) [stabilize to prevent trunk rotation]
Scapular depression and adduction
lower trap; prone (5-0) [thumb up]
Scapular adduction and downward rotation
rhomboid; prone (5-3), sitting (2-0) [don't let pt lead with elbow, palpate deep under vertebral border, apply resistance down and out]
Shoulder Flexion
anterior deltoid, coracobrachialis; sitting (5-3), sidelying w/ powder board (2-0) [flex to 90*, pronate forearm]
Shoulder Extension
lats, posterior deltoid, teres major; prone (5-3), sidelying w/ powder board (2-0) [palm up, shoulder internally rotated, palpate the lats]
Shoulder Abduction
mid deltoid, supraspinatus; sitting (5-3), supine (2-0) [elbow slightly flexed, avoid ext rotation]
Shoulder Horizontal Abduction
posterior deltoid; prone (5-3). sitting w/ arm on table (2-0) [maintain elbow flexion, prone position same as scapular adduction. When grading 2-0, stabilize with one hand over shoulder]
Shoulder Horizontal Adduction
pec major; supine (5-3), sitting w/ arm on table (2-0)
Shoulder External Rotation
infraspinatus, teres minor; prone w/ elbow bent (5-3), w/ arm straight (2-0) [2-finger resistance]
Shoulder Internal Rotation
subscapularis; prone w/ elbow bent (5-3), w/ arm straight (2-0) [watch for pronation vs true rotation]
Elbow Flexion
biceps, brachialis, brachioradialis; sitting (5-3), sitting, motion in horizontal plane with arm on table (2-0) [grade 3, elbow rests in cupped hand, palpate tendon in antecubital space]
Elbow Extension
triceps; prone (5-3), arm on table (2-0) [do not allow hyperextension/locking, avoid ext rot (2-1)]
Supination
supinator, biceps; elbow 90* (5-3 & 1-0), elbow fully flexed (2) [support elbow, don't allow lateral movement of forearm (2), palpate supinator]
Pronation
pronators teres and quadratus; elbow 90* (5-3 & 1-0), elbow fully flexed (2) [stabilize elbow, avoid substitution by wrist/finger flexors, palpate anterior proximal forearm (pronator teres)]
Wrist flexion
flexor carpi radialis, ulnaris; sitting, palm up (5-3 & 1-0), on ulnar border (2) [in 1-0, support wrist in slight flexion "try to bend your wrist"; (2) support/stabilize wrist]
Wrist extension
extensor carpi radialis longus, brevis, ulnaris; sitting palm down (5-3 & 1-0), on ulnar border (2) [3 palpation sites (see book), avoid finger extension]