Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/45

Click to flip

45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Realistic Fiction
Characters involved in events that could happen.
Historical Fiction
Made up stories that take place in a certain time period of the past.
Nonfiction
Books that give factual information.
Science Fiction
Often includes futuristic technology and blends science facts with fiction.
Fantasy
Story is set in an imaginary world, and characters usually have supernatural powers or abilities.
Folklore
Myths, fables, parables, tall tales, and legends that people have told over the years and later they were written down. They may include a moral or a lesson.
Myth
Intended to explain some mystery of nature, religion, or cultural belief (like gods & goddesses).
Fable
Short story that often uses talking animals as main characters and taches a moral or lesson.
Tall Tale
Humorous, exaggerated story often based on the life of a real person (like Pecos Bill or John Henry).
Legend
A story coming down from the past, usually regarded as historical, but not verified as such.
Poetry
Uses rhythm and rhyme to convey a message. Often evokes feelings and emotions.
Tragedy
Hero is destroyed because of some tragic flaw in his/her character.
Essay
A short piece of nonfiction that tells the writer's opinion or gives information.
Novel
A book length, fictional story. Characters and plot are more developed than in a short story.
Short Story
Can usually be read in one sitting. Usually forcuses on one problem or conflict.
Allegory
A story in which the characters and action represent an idea or truth about life.
Simile
A figure of speech that makes a comparison using like or as. ("He was as hungry as a bear.")
Metaphor
A figure of speech to suggest a likeness without using like or as. ("The ship plows the sea" or "You're a peach.")
Hyperbole
An exaggerated figure of speech ("I walked a million miles!" or "We died laughing!")
Onomatopeia
Words that imitate sounds (buzz, meow, POW, tic-toc)
Alliteration
The repetition of a beggining sound in two or more words ("Two terribly tired toads told tales." or silly Sally).
Palindrome
A word, phrase, or sentence that reads the same forward and backward. (Mom, saw, or "Madam, I'm Adam.")
Idiom
An expression that often gives visual imagery ("You're pulling my leg." or "I laughed my head off.")
Spoonerism
A transposition of initial sounds (hot dogs/dot hog or Bill Jones/Jill Bones).
Personification
When animals or inanimate objects take on human characteristics. (When an animal or tree talks, for example).
Portmanteau
A word formed by combining two words. (breakfast +lunch= brunch)
Sarcasm
Praise that actually means the opposite (That was just great! after breaking a dish, for example).
Irony
Using a word of phrase to mean the opposite of its normal meaning. (Having the flue is so much fun!)
Fact
A statment that can be proven to be true. (If paper is recycled, fewer trees will be cut down.)
Opinion
What someone believes to be true. (Recycling should be required by law.)
Plot
Action of the story.
Setting
The time and place.
Climax
Turning point of the story.
Resolution
The end of the story when problems are solved.
Theme
The subject or message being written about.
Antagonist
Negative person or thing in the story that fights against the hero.
Protagonist
The hero of the story.
Narrator
Person telling the story.
Mood
The feeling we get from readding the story (happy, sad, etc.)
Tone
Author's feelings about a piece of writing (serious, funny, etc.)
Conflict
A problem or struggle between two opposing forces.
Dialogue
The conversations that characters have with each other.
Nonfiction
Books that give factual information.
Science Fiction
Often includes futuristic technology and blends science facts with fiction.
Parable
A short story that explains a belief or principle.