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20 Cards in this Set

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JOINTS are known as
ARTICULATION
Define JOINTS
The functional junctions between bones:
1) Enable wide variety of movements
2) Classified according to degree of movement and type of tissue that binds them together
What are the 3 types of JOINTS: The functional classifications
(pg 11 Kinesiology text)
1) SYNARTHRODIAL
2) AMPHIATHRODIAL
3) DIATHRODIAL
SYNARTHRODIAL JOINTS
Made of:
Movement:
Examples:
FIBROUS JOINT
NONE
SUTURES
AMPHIATHRODIAL JOINTS:
Made of:
Movement:
Examples:
CARTILAGINOUS JOINT
SLIGHT
INTERVERTEBRAL DISC, PELVIS SYMPHYSIS
DIARTHRODIAL JOINTS:
Made of:
Movement:
SYNOVIAL JOINT
FREE
*MOST JOINTS ARE THESE
SYNOVIAL JOINTS
Describe 3 things
*Articular ends are covered ARTICULAR CARTILAGE
*joint capsule consist of CONNECTIVE TISSUE outside that joins the PERIOSTEUM
*Inner layer made of the SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE
LIGAMENTS
hold JOINTS together (bone to bone attachement)
BURSAE
Act as SHOCK ABSORBER
found between bone and tendon
filled w/SYNOVIAL FLUID
SYNOVIAL FLUID
Egg white consistency
LUBRICATES the articulating surfaces
Secreted by SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE
BURSITIS
INFLAMMATION OF THE BURSAE. Usually from over use
Dislocation
Bones comes out of the joint
Sprain
Tearing of ligament:
from micro to extensive
CLASSIFICATION OF SYNOVIAL JOINTS
1-ball and socket
2-hinge
3-condyloid
4-glide
5-pivot
6-saddle
BALL and SOCKET
AXIS?
EX?
JOINT/ARTICULATION
MULTI
SHOULDER/HIP
GLENOHUMERAL JOINT
HIP JOINT: FEMUR HEAD/ACETABULUM
HINGE
AXIS?
EX?
JOINT/ARTICULATION
UNI
ELBOW:
OLECRANON PROMINANCE
PHALANGES
CONDYLOID
AXIS?
EX?
JOINT/ARTICULATION
BI
KNUCKLES
MCP: METACARPALPHALANGEAL JOINTS
GLIDE
AXIS?
EX?
JOINT/ARTICULATION
MULTI
CARPALS/TARSALS
INTERCARPAL JOINTS
PIVOT
AXIS?
EX?
JOINT/ARTICULATION
UNI
RADIOULNAR JOINT
SADDLE
AXIS?
EX?
JOINT/ARTICULATION
MULTI
CMC: 1ST CARPOMETACARPAL JOINT