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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Alliteration
Repetition of the same sounds

Ex. Let us go forth to lead the land we love
Allusion
Brief reference to a person, event, or place.

Ex. command of Isiah
Anaphora
Repetition of words or phrases at the beginning of phrases or lines.

Ex. not as to call to bear arms, though arms we need-not as a call to battle, though embattled we are.
Antimetabole
Repetition of words in reverse order.

Ex. Ask not what your country can do for you- ask what you can do for your country
Antithesis
Opposition, or contrast, of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel construction

Ex. We shall support any friend, oppose any foe.
Archaic diction
old fashioned words

Ex. beliefs for which our forbears fought
Asyndeton
Omission of conjunctions between clauses or words

Ex.We shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship
Cumulative Sentence
It build on the main idea at the beggining then adds on
Hortative Sentence
Sentence that ekhorts, advises, calls to action.
Imperative Sentence
Sentence used to command, enjoin, implore, or entreat.

Ex. ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man
Inversion
Inverted order of words in a sentence.

Ex. Divided there is little we can do.
Juxtaposition
Placement of two things closely together to emphasize compaqrisons or contrasts.
Metaphor
Comparison between two unlike things without using like or as.
Metonymy
Using single feature to represent a whole.

Ex.In your hands, my fellow citizens, more than mine, will rest the final success or failure of our course.
Oxymoron
Paradoxical juxtaposition of words that seem to contradict one another.

Ex. peaceful revolution
Parallelism
Similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words.

Ex. Let both sides explore, let both sides...
Periodic sentence
The main clause is withheld at the end.

Ex.To that world assembly of sovereign states....., we renew our pledge and support.
Personification
Attribution of a lifelike quality to an inanimate object or idea

Ex. with history the final judge of our deeds.
Rhetorical question
Figure of speech in the form of a question for a rhetorical effect.

Ex. Will you join in that historic effort?
Zeugma
Use two different words in a grammatically the same way but produce different meanings.

Ex.-bear arms/ bear burden