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34 Cards in this Set

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Lasix
furosemide
loop diuretic;
tx of hypertension, tx after MI, adjunctive tx for heart failure
triamterene/hydrochlorothiazide

triamterene/HCTz
Dyazide
antihypertensive agent;
tx of edema and/or hypertension in patients who cannot risk hypokalemia
spironolactone
Aldactone
aldosterone antagonist;
tx of edema from CHF, cirrhosis of liver, tx of hypertensionm hypokalemia
NitroSTAT
nitroglycerin (sublingual)
vasodilator;
tx of acute angina, prophylaxis of angina pectoris due to CAD
metoprolol tartrate
Lopressor
beta-blocker;
tx of hypertension, long-term tx of angina, reduction of mortality rate after MI
Inderal
propranolol HCl
beat-blocker;
tx of hypertension, angina, arrhythmias, migraine HA
valsartan
Diovan
angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB);
tx of hypertension, CHF
enalapril maleate
Vasotec
ACE inhibitor;
tx of hypertension, adjunctive tx for CHF
Zestril, also Prinivil
lisinopril
ACE inhibitor;
tx of hypertension, tx following MI
fosinopril sodium
Monopril
ACE inhibitor;
tc of hypertension (alone or with diuretic), tx of heart failure
atenolol
Tenormin
beta-blocker;
tx of hypertension, angina, acute MI
Digitek, also Lanoxin
digoxin
Antiarrhythmic;
use with diuretic and ACE inhibitor whenever possible, tx of mild-moderate heart failure
nifedipine
Procardia
CCB;
tx of angina, hypertension

OFF LABEL- tx of Raynaud's disease
Coumadin
warfarin sodium
anticoagulant;
prophylaxis of clotting and extension of existing clots
Zocor
simvastatin
statin;
decrease LDL, VLDL
lovastatin
Mevacor
statin;
prophylaxis of CAD
Lipitor
atorvastatin calcium
statin;
tx of hyperlipidemia
pravastatin sodium
Pravachol
statin;
tx of hyperlipidemia
Cardizem
diltiazem HCl
CCB;
tx of angina, hypertension, A-fib
isosorbine dinitrate/isosorbide mononitrate
Imdur
vasodilator;
tx of angina

OFF LABEL- tx CHF, pain mgmt, esophageal spasms.
antihypertensive drug/agent
medication used to lower blood pressure
vasodilator
vaso=vessel
dilate=to open

medication used to widen blood vessels (making lumen larger) by relaxing vascular smooth muscle.
vasopressor
vaso=vessel
pressor=to constrict

medication used to constrict blood vessels (making lumen smaller)
aldosterone antagonist
medication that counteracts the action of aldosterone, a hormone from the adrenal glands that regulates blood pressure
hypokalemia
low potassium level in blood
hyperkalemia
too much potassium (K) in blood
edema
swelling caused by accumulation of fluids, most often occurring in feet and legs.
ACE inhibitor
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme inhibitor; medication used to lower B/P by inhibiting production of angiotensin II, a chemical that causes blood vessels to constrict.
antiarrhythmic drug/agent
medication used to treat an irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)
anticoagulant drug/agent
medication used to prevent formation of new clots or further extension of existing clots.
anithyperlipidemic drug/agent
medication used to lower high lipid (fat) levels in blood
HMG CoA reductase inhibitor
AKA "statin"; medication used to lower LDL. Most often prescribed class of drugs to lower cholesterol.
Calcium channel blocking drug/agent
AKA "CCBs"; medication that blocks entry of calcium (Ca+) into muscle of heart and arteries. Entry of Ca+ into these tissues causes heart to contract and arteries to constrict. Drug dilates arteries and decreases contraction of heart, lowering blood pressure and easing angina.
beta-blocker drug/agent
AKA
antiadrenergic drug/agent
medication used to slow heartbeat and treat angina. Drug blocks beta-adrenergic substances (substances that effect the involuntary nervous system) and relieves stress on heart.