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10 Cards in this Set

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Land Development Patterns/Forecasting Methods

Proximity-Based Forecasting
Forecasts land devloping based on proximity to highway or transit facilities
Land Development Patterns/Forecasting Methods

Delphi/Expert Panel
A group of 'experts' (local officials, developers, enginers) gathered to predict the land developments and imacts of a project
Land Development Patterns/Forecasting Methods

Accessibility-Based Forecasting
Quantitative accessibility measures, derived from travel demand models or other sources...are used to estimate changes in development
Land Development Patterns/Forecasting Methods

Simple land use Models
Sets of equations to forecast land development by zone, using a limited amt of data dor model calibration and inputs
Land Development Patterns/Forecasting Methods

Complex land use models
More involved, has Transportation and Land use model components. They allocate development to each zone based on transportation accessibility
The Lowry Model
Performs 2 separate sets of Calculations:
-one for the characteristics of the residential sector
-one for the retail sector of the urban region
Location of basic activites is assumed to be independent of the location of population and service employment
The Lowry Model

More info
*One of the first land use/transportation models
*One of the simplist, but most significant to represent the relationships between trans and land use
*Based on the principle that regional and urban growth(or decline) is a function of the expansion(or contration) of the basic sector.
Sectors of the Lowry Model

Basic Sector
Exogenous element (must be given)
Most industrial sector employment is within this catagory
Produces goods and services, which are exported outside the urban area
employment meets non-local demands
Sectors of the Lowry Model

Retail Sector
Endogenous Element
Employment meets local demand
Does not export any finished goods and services
Accounts for services such as retailing, food and construction
Sectors of the Lowry Model

Residential Sector
Endogenous element
Number of residents is related tot he number of basic and retail jobs available
The choice of a residential area is also closely linked to the place of work