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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Rule 126
When a compound sentence consists of two independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, nor), place a separating comma before the conjunction
Rule 124, 130, 131, 134
Use a single comma after introductory elements- items that come before the subject and verb of the main clause
Rule 122
Use commas to set off non-essential expressions- words phrases and clauses that are not necessary for the meaning or the structural completeness of the sentence
Rule 148-152
Use commas to set off expressions that provide additional but not essential information.
Rule 123b 162-167
Use a single comma with FANBOYS. When three or more items are listed in a series.
RUle 143
When the adverb too occurs between a subject and a verb, set it off with tow commas.
Rule 184 185
USe a semi colon to separate items in a series if any of the items already contain commas
Rule 813-814
Compound adjectives are one-thought modifiers, usually reduced to a few essential words
Rule 627-651
Possession of noun Usually means of or a similar substitution. If you can replace the word of or a similar substitution and it makes sense it is the possessive form.
Rule 303-306
Proper nouns the official name of a person, place, or thing are capitalized
Rule 401
Spell out numbers form one to ten, use figures for above ten
Rule 403
Numbers in the millions or higher are expressed in words
Rule 402
Use the same style tp express related numbers If any of the numbers are above ten put them all in figures
Rule 413a
Use figures to express exact or approximate amounts of money. There is no space between the $ and the first number
Rule 440a
always use figures with am or pm
Rule 441a
With O'clock use figures for emphasis and words for formality
Rule 135c
Use a comma after all introductory prepositional phrases
Rule 135a
Use a comma after an introductory participle phrase
Rule 147
Use commas to set off contrasting expressions
Rule 154-155 (410)
Use two commas to set off the year when it follows the month and day January 8, 2001,...
Rule 348
Capitalize the names of races, peoples, bands, and languages.
Rule 429 (430-432)
Measurements have a technical significance and should be expressed in figures ( even from 1-10)
Rule 447 (448-449)
Express percentages in figures, and spell out the word percent
Rule 436 (437-439)
Use figures to express periods of time when they are used as technical measurements or significant statistics
Rule 135b
Use a comma after all introductory infinitive phrases( infinitive phrases start with to)
Rule 145
Names used in direct address must be set off with commas
Rule 123c (168-171)
When two consecutive adjectives modify the same noun separate the adjectives with a comma.
Rule 172b
Omission of that- omitting creates a break in the flow therefore insert a comma to mark the break
Rule 287
Italicize titles of books pamphlets, magazines and newspapers
Rule 455
If the term number precedes the figures express it as No.
Rule 359
Capitalize the word before an identifying number
Rule 470
Use figures for house and building numbers
Rule 471
Numbers used as street names should be written as assigned by Canada's Postal Code Directory
Use a semicolon to separate series of parallel dependent clauses if they are long or contain internal commas
Rule 189
When a clause contains an anticipatory expression (as follows...) and directs attention to a series of explanatory words, phrases or clauses, use a colon.
Rule 236b
A slang expression, the use of poor grammar, or a deliberate misspelling is enclosed in quotation marks to indicate that such usage is not part of the writer's normal way of speaking or writing
Rule 505b
When a word or phrase is shortened as a contraction an apostrophe is inserted at the exact point where the letters are ommited
Rule 622a
Capital letters and abbbreviations ending with capital letters are pluralized by adding s alone. (no apostrophe)
Rule 323
Capitalize such nouns as marketing, advertising or promotion when they are used alone to designate a department within an organization.
Rule 204 (201-205)
For a stronger but less formal break use a dash in place of a semicolon between closely related independent clauses.
Rule 103a
Requests, suggestions, and commands are often phrased as questions out of politeness. Use a period to end this kind of sentence if you expect action rather than a yes or no answer.
Rule 175c
Use a comma to separate repeated words