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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Prehistory
long period of time before invented systems of writing
Radiocarbon Dating
method used to figure out the age of an artifact
Neolithic Agricultural Revolution
time when nomads began to farm
Artifact
object made by human being
Archeologist
person who studies past people and cultures
Latitude
measures distance north and south of the equator
Scribe
specially trained people who could read and write
Anthropology
study of the origins and development of people and their
societies
Hyksos
invaders who occupied the delta region
Akhenaton
religious rebel who tried to make Aton the main god
Sumerians
people who lived in the ancient region of Sumer
Nebuchadnezzar
aggressive and ruthless king who revived the power of
Babylon
inundation
Massive expected flood
Hittites
iron workers who pushed out of Asia Minor into Mesopotamia in
1400b.c.
Ramses II
most powerful pharaoh in the new kingdom who pushed Egyptian rule
notherward as far as Syria
Ahriman
prince of lies and evil
Mohenjo-Daro
capital of Indus Valley civilization
Aryans
group of Indo-European people who migrated across Europe and Asia
Vedas
sacred text to the Hindus
Indus River Valley
valley on Indus River in current day Paleistan
Brahmin
highest seat in the priest class system
Brahman
unchanging, all-powerful spiritual force
Laozi
founder of Daoism
Yin & Yang
forces that made a delicate balance in the universe
Animism
belief that the world was full of spirits and forces hidden in
animals
Rama
daring hero who rescues his wife from Ravana with the help of Hanvmann
Sita
beautiful wife of Rama who models as the perfect wife
Moshka
union with brahman
Mandate of Heaven
divine right to rule
Feudalism
- system of gov't in which local lords governed their own lands but
owed military service and other forms of support to their ruler
Shang
dynasty that gained control of China in about 1600b.c.
The Way of Virtue
book, written by Laozi, that had a huge influence on
Chinese life
Karma
all actions of a person's life that affect his or her fate in the
next life
Dharma
an individuals religious and moral duties
Five Relationships:
- Father to son
- Brother to brother
- Husband to wife
- Ruler to subject
- Friend to friend
Hatshepsut
a woman who exercised all the rights of a pharaoh