Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/44

Click to flip

44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The basic structural & functional unit of the human organism is the ____________.
cell
The phase of metabolism that involves breaking down large complex, molecules into smaller, simpler ones is called __________.
catabolism
The condition in which the body's internal environment remains within certain physiological limits is termed __________.
homeostasis
In a negative feedback system, the response inhances or intensifies the original stimulus. (T/F)
false
The ventral body cavity contains the heart, lungs, & abdominal viscera. (T/F)
true
The parietal layer is the part of a serous membrane that lines the walls of the thoracic & abdominal cavities. (T/F)
true
Which statements are true of a feedback system?

1. consists of a control center, a receptor, & an effector

2. Control center receoves input from the effector

3. Receptor monitors environmental changes that affect the body

4. Effector produces a response to return the controlled condition to normal

5. A feedback system involves a cycle of events in which information about the status of a condition is monitored & fed back to a central control region
True Statements:
1, 3, & 4
Which statements are true of a serous membrane?

1. Lines body cavities that do not opejn directly to the exterior

2. It lines body cavities that opewn directly to the exterior

3. It is a double-layered membrane

4. Examples include pleura, paricardium, & peritoneum

5. It lines the cavity only & does not cover the organs within the cavity
True Statements:
1, 3, & 4
A vertical plane that divides the body or an organ into right & left aides is termed:

a. frontal plane
b. sagittal plane
c. transverse plane
d. oblique plane
e. coronal plane
b. sagittal plane
The 2 systems that regulate most homeostatis respones of the body are the ...

a. nervous & cardiovascular systems
b. respiratory & cardiovascular systems
c. endocrine & cardiovascular systems
d. cardiovascular & urinary systems
e. endocrine & nervous systems
e. endocrine & nervous systems
The fluid found within body cells is ...

a. blood plasma
b. extracellular fluid
c. interstitial fluid
d. cerebrospinal fluid
e. intracellular fluid
e. intracellular fluid
development of a cell from an unspecialized to specialized state
differentiation
motion of body or body parts
movement
ability to detect & respond to change
responsiveness
formation of new cells or a new individual
reproduction
Sum of all the body's chemical processes
metabolism
Increase in size
growth
Regulates body activities through chemicals transported in blood to various target organs of the body
endocrine system
produces gametes; releases hormones from gonads.
reproductive system
protects against disease; returns fluids to body
lymphatic & immune system
protects the body by forming a barrier between the outside environment & internal organs
integumentary systems
transports oxygen & nutrients to cells; protects against diseases; carries waste away from cells
cardiovascular system
Regulates body activities through action potentials; receives sensory information, interprets the information, & responds to the information
nervous system
Carries out the physical & chemical breakdown of foof & absorption of nutrients
digestive system
transfers oxygen & carbon dioxide between air & blood
respiratory system
Supports & protects the body; provides internal framework
skeletal system
Powers movements of the body & stabilize body position;
muscular system
eliminates wastes; regulates the volume & chemical composition of blood
urinary system
axillary
armpit
inguinal
groin
cervical
neck
cranial
skull
brachial
arm
orbital
eye
gluteal
buttock
buccal
cheek
at the front of the body
anterior
(ventral)
closer to the trunk
proximal
toward the upper part of the structure
superior
nearer to the midline of the body
medial
farther from the midline of the body
lateral
at the back of the body
posterior
(dorsal)
farther from the trunk
distal
toward the lower part of the structure
inferior