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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
War of 1812 - CAUSES
- American fronteirsmen thought British were arming the Native Americans
- Britain was interfering with trade
- Britain wanted presence in North America
Battle of Tippecanoe
- Very quick (2 hours)
- Lots of ppl died
- no one winds
- Tecumseh's followers are shattered
- Native American leader
- Thought Native American had to unite and fight US
Battle of New Orleans
- US wins by a lot (more Br. causualties)
- Andrew Jackson becomes hero
Treaty of Ghent
- British and US did not want war
- Rep. from the countries met in Belgium and signed treaty
- US got all the land
- Did not get the news to US b4 Battle of New Orleans
Protective Tariff
- During the war more $ was invested into manufacturing (cotton and iron)
- New England makes factories to make products because of embargo
- This is imp. becayse it shows development
- Once the war was over manufacturers wanted a protective tariff
2nd Bank of the US
- Bank of US had not been rechartered in 1811
- No Nat'l bank = hard to pay for the war--- gov't had to borrow money from state banks
- No Nat'l currency
- Fed. gov't decided to create a new Nat'l bank based on Hamilton
Economic Sectionalism
- East = commerce and industry
- South = large plantations
- West = small farms

- East = Had $ to spend for roads, canals & eventually railroads
- South = Didn't have $ to spend-As time goes on remains agriculturer
- West = Connected to the north eventually railroads & canals
James Madison
HIGHLIGHTS = Tarrif of 1816 and 2nd Bank
James Monroe
HIGHLIGHTS = Economic sectionalism, Spain cedes Florida, John Marshall decisions
John Marshall
- US Chief Justice
- McCulloch v. Maryland
- Gibbon v. Ogden
McCulloch v. Maryland
- Issue: can gov't have power to create a nat'l bank ; states have right to tax fed. gov't

- Outcome: J.M says gov't has power ; State doesn't have power to tax
Gibbons v. Ogden
- NY Legs. passed law giving a monopoly steamship travel in NY
- Issue: can gov't regulate commerce (US const says gov'r can)
Missouri question
- New states free or not?
- Missouri wants to enter as a slave state
- Goes to Congress ( no real way to deal w/ it)
Missouri compromise
- way to not deal with it
- Check & Balance: Missouri slave and Maine free
- 36' 30 N---North-free; south-slave
Monroe Doctorine
- Monroe foreign policy
- deals w/ natio and rest of the world

1) The US would not become involved in the internal affairs of European countries (won't take sides)
2) The US will recognize the existing colonies in the western hemisphere
3) No more colonies in western hemisphere
4) Any attempt to create by EU countries new colonies would be considere an act of aggression on the US
Election of 1824
- CANDIDATES: Adams, Jackson, Clay and Crawford
- No parties
- Pop. vote = Jackson
- Maj. electoral votes = no one
- goes to HR
- Adams wins after corrupt bargain
Election of 1828
- Jackson v. Adams
- Jackson wins
- 2 new parties:Deomcrats and Wigs
Corrupt Bargain
- Clay swings Kentucky's votes to Adams
- SO, Adams win and Clay becomes secretary of state
John Quincy Adams
- Son of John Adams
- President
1) Internal improvements
2) protective tariff

- Jackson supporters in Congrees blocked Adams plans
Henry Clay
Kentucky candidate
National Republicans
- Fed gov't should take a leadership role
- Fed. gov't should support internal improvements such as roads and bridges
- In favor of nat'l bank
- Tended to be middle class or well estb. protestants
Jacksonian Democrats
- Fed gov't should remain as inactive as possible
- The indv. states should be responsible for internal improvements
- Against nat'l bank
- Tended to be slaveholders, small farmers, non-Protestants and working class
Andrew Jackson
- President
- Hero
- When gov't jobs are given to friends + supporters
Spoils system
- Patronage under Jackson
Tariff of 1820
- Heavy tax on foreign imports
- GOAL: to encourage US manufacturing
- OUTCOME: Helped industrail North. BUT made southerners pay more
The Bank war w/ Jackson
- Pres. Jackson didn't like Bank
Indian relocation act
- passed by Jackson (1830) happened b/c gold was found in Georgia
- To leave the Union
Trail of Tears
American army rounded up more than 15000 Cherokees and began 116-day march