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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
.



Assumption
.


a basic knowledge of the natural world combined with an understanding of the diverse ways that scientists gain knowledge
.



Dependent
Variable
.


something accepted as true that may or may not actually be true
.



Model
.


the part of an experiment that is changed to test a hypothesis
.



Bias
.


a representation used to explain or demonstrate a process or structure; also used to predict what might occur in a new situtation
.



Evidence
.


a tendency to favor something; a prejudice
.



Observation
.


a support for the idea that something is true
.



Conclusion
.


any information that is collected with any of the senses
.



Experiment
.


the decision made about the outcome of an experiment; usually based on how well the actual result matches the predicted result
.



Opinion
.


a series of trials or tests that are done to support or refute a hypothesis
.



Control
.


ideas people have that may or may not be based in fact
.



Hypothesis
.


that group in an experiment in which everything--except the variable to be tested--is identical; the standard of comparison in an experiment
.



Peer
Review
.


a statement that predicts a relationship between cause and effect in a way that can be tested
.



Controlled
Experiment
.


the process by which scientists carefully examine the work of other scientists to look for possible flaws in their experimental design or their interpretation of results
.



Independent
Variable
.


an experiment in which all variables--except for the one being tested--are exactly the same
.



Research
Plan
.


a factor that might influence the dependent variable in an experiment
.



Data
.


the initial stage of an experiment that involves finding background information, developing a hypothesis, and devising an experimental method for testing the hypothesis
.



Inference
.


the results of specific trials or tests completed during experiments
.



Scientific
Literacy
.


a conclusion or deduction based on observations