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16 Cards in this Set

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Dietary carbohydrates are obtained almost exclusively from ________ sources.
-milk is the exception
plant
Plants convert water and ________ ________ to sugar through photosynthesis.
carbon dioxide
Light energy is trapped as chemical energy in the ________ chemicals.
sugar
Classification of Carbos:(2 Major Groups):
1. Simple
-________
2. Complex
-________
-sugars
-polysaccharides
simple carbohydrates
1. Monosaccharides are ________ sugar units
-__________
-__________
-Galactose
single
glucose
fructose
simple carbohydrates
2. _________(Pair of sugar units)
-Maltose
-sucrose
-lactose
Disaccharides
complex carbohydrates
1. ________
-starch
-glycogen

2. Indigestible
-________
*Cellulose
*hemicellulose
*pectin
Digestible
Monosaccharides

-Glucose(dextrose
"_ sugar," used to supply cellular energy. (________)
-blood
-fuel
Monosaccharides

Fructose- "________ sugar"
-sweetest of all. Abundant in fruites, honey saps (maple syrup). Used to ________ a variety of food products. (high fructose corn syrup
"fruit"
sweeten
Monosaccharides

-Galactose, not found free in ________, component of lactose. "______ sugar" and some polysaccharides.
nature
Disaccharides

-Maltose- found primarily in germinating ________. Product of ________ digestion in the g.i. tract.
-composed of ___ glucose units
seeds
polysaccharide
two
Disaccharides

-Suctrose- "______ sugar." Main energy ingredient of _________ and other sweets. Found in __________ and sugar beets and in some ________.
-composed of ________ and fructose.
"table"
candy
sugar cane
fruits
glucose
Disaccharides

-Lactose- "______ sugar." (5% by weight).
composed of ________ and ________.
"milk"
glucose
galactose
Digestible Polysaccharides

-Consist of many _________ units linked together.
-are considered the storage form of ________.
-glucose
glucose
Digestible Polysaccharides

Starch
-storage form of glucose in ________.
-primary complex ____ in the diet.
-found in _______(rice, corn, wheat, oats, millet, rye and barley), legumes and tubers
plants
CHO
grains
Digestible Polysaccharides

-Glycogen
storage from of glucose in ________.
Synthesized and stored in the ________ and ______; used later as a source of energy
-not a significant soure of dietary carbohydrate
animals
liver and muscle