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15 Cards in this Set

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components and major functions of cardiovascular system
blood
heart
blood vessels
list and describe the characterisitics of blood
temp:100.4 F
pH: 7.4
8% total body mass
5-6 liters male
4-6 liters female

liquid connective tissue
transports substances
protects against disease

hormonal negative feedback systems maintain constant blood volume and osmotic pressure
erythropoietin
a hormone that stimulates production of RBCs and hemoglobin in the bone marrow, synthesized in response to low levels of oxygen in the tissue
reticulocytes
an immature red blood cell
hemoglobin
a substance in RBCs consiting of the protein globin and the iron containing red pigment heme that transports most of the oxygen and some carbon dioxide in blood
bilirubin
an orange pigment that is one of the end products of hemoglobin breakdown in the hepatocytes and is excreted as a waste material in bile
transferrin
a transporter for Fe3+ in the blood stream
granulocytes
any various WBCs that contain granular material in the cytoplasm and are immunologically active, especially in phagocytosis
agranulocytes
a nongranular WBC
differential count
a count of each of the five types of WBCs to detect infection or inflammation, poisoning from drugs, monitor blood disorders, effects of chemotherapy or detect allergic reactions
emigration
process whereby WBCs leave the blood stream by rolling along the endothelium, sticking to it, and squeezing between the endothelial cells
megakaryocytes
a large bone marrow cell with a lobulate nucleus that gives rise to blood platelets
descrbe the process of hemopoiesis
blood cell production, which occurs in red bone marrow after birth
hemopoietic stem cells
a cell isolated from the blood or bone marrow that can renew itself, can differentiate to a variety of specialized cells, can metabolize out of the bone marrow into circulating blood
describe components and characteristics of blood plasma
when the formed elements are removed from blood, the straw-colored liquid is left
91.5% water, 8.5% solutes