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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Allah
the Supreme Being of Islam
Mecca
the birthplace of Muhammad and the goal of Muslim pilgrimages
Islam
a religion marked by belief in Allah as the sole deity, in Muhammad as his prophet, and in the Koran
pilgrimage
a journey as a pilgrim to a shrine or sacred place
Arab
a member of the Semitic people of the Arabian peninsula
prophet
one who declares publicly a message that one believes has come from God
mosque
a Muslim place of worship
kaaba
a small stone building in the court of the Great Mosque at Mecca that contains a sacred black stone and is the point toward which Muslims turn when praying
Medina
the city to which Mohammad went when he was persecuted in Mecca
Hegira
the flight of Muhammad from Mecca in A.D. 622 the date from which the Muslim calendar begins
caliph
an important Muslim political and religious leader
jihad
a holy war waged on behalf of Islam as a religious duty
mihrab
a niche or chamber in a mosque indicating the direction of Mecca
minaret
a tall slender tower of a mosque with a balcony from which the people are called to prayer
mimbar
a pulpit in a mosque from which the sermon is delivered. It takes the form of a domed box with a door at the top of a staircase
arabesque
an ornament or style of decoration that uses outlines of flowers, leaves, branches or fruit to produce a pattern of lines that cross over one another
Sunni
the Muslims of the branch of Islam that follows the orthodox tradition
Shiah
the Muslims of the branch of Islam comprising sects believing that Ali and his descendants are the only rightful successors of Muhammad