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59 Cards in this Set

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True or False

Toddlers are ready to develop a sense of self and separate from thier parents, and understanding and respecting this evolving independence is a common parental challange
True
What is the toddler period?
12 months to 18 months
How much does a toddler gain in weight every year?
4 to 6 pounds
True or False

Toddlers tends to need meals and snacks more frequently than an older adult
True
True or False

Toddlers do not develop sufficient voluntary control of internal and external anal sphincters to accomplish successful bowel training
False
Why does a toddler empty his or her bladder less frequently?
Because of maturation of the neurological pathways to the bladder and sphincter
True or False

A mature swallowing pattern, using the tongue rather than the cheeks, has developed, and toddlers continue to be at risk for choking
False
When a toddler becomes sick do they know the meaning of it?
No, toddlers may come to know that being sick means feeling bad or having to stay in bed, but they have little, if any, understanging of teh meaning of health
True or False

The nurse's task is to help parents strengthen their confidence and self-esteem as parents and provide them with the information needed to anticipate and meet the developmental needs of their toddler as they develop as a family
True
When does weaning from the breast or bottle occur?
Weaning from the breast or bottle usually occurs before or during toddlerhood
True or False

There is no need for adquate iron intake as the toddler changes from breast milk or iron-fortified formula and cereal to whole milk, which is low in iron.
False
Adequate iron intake MUST be ensured
What has been associated with iron-deficieny anemia?
The continued use of a bottle, rather than the switch to drinking from a cup
What happens when a toddler continues to ingest whole milk from a bottle?
It blunts the child's appetite for other foods that contain iron
True or False

If parents want to give a bottle at bedtime it should contain only water
True
Why does the use of prepared toddler foods, as opposed to serving the same foods the rest of the family is eating presents a concern?
Because these products may not provide optimal nutrition or the variety that the toddler requires
True or False

The decreased rate of growth during toddlerhood results in an increase in requried calories and in appetite
False
The decreased rate of growth during toddlerhood results in an decrease in requried calories and in appetite
True or False

Routines are important to toddlers. Serve scheduled meals and snacks.
True
True or False

Parents are not responsible for what, when, and where the toddler eats.
False, they are responsible
Is is ok to use food to bribe, reward, or punish a toddler?
NO
What happens when a toddler drinks more than 2 cups of milk per day?
It can reduce the child's appetite for other healthy foods.
True or False

For those under age 2 years, ONLY use reduced-fat, low-fat, and Fat free (skim) milk
FALSE, only use whole milk
What is a major parental concern during toddlerhood?
Toilet Training
True or False

Emotional and physical readiness for toilet training develops before 18 months of age
False, It rarely develops before 18 months of age
Parents who begin before their child is ready usually experience frustrations
What type of parent will have a better chance of success and a more positive outcome for the toddler who is toilet training?
The parent who can approach toilet training with a relaxed attitude, accepting some delays and frustrations
Which of the following are False about Toilet training?
(1.) Encourage the toddler to stay on the chair for 2 to 3 minutes
(2.) Do not refer to elimination as dirty or yucky
(3.) Punish the child by scolding, spanking, or other punitive measures
(4.) Anticipate that the toddler may want to touch hir or her genitals
(3.) Never punish teh child by scolding, spanking, or other punitive measures. You should praise the child for desired behavior
True or False

Before beginning toilet training, parents should begin to check their toddlers for the prerequisite skills, which include being able to walk well, stoop and recover, stay dry for at least 2 hours during they day, and communicate sensation before elimination
True
True or False

During the Toddler period, they will advance from taking their first step to running, climbing stairs, and even pedaling a tricycle
True
Which of the following are false?
(1.) During toddler period, they do not learn how to use a spoon or fork with farily good success
(2.) During toddler period, they advance from being dressed by others to dressing themselves with assistance, although at times they resist it
(3.) Toddlers enjoy pushing and pulling
(4.) All above are true
(1.) they do learn to use a spoon and fork with faily good success
Which of the following are false?
(1.) Toddlers spend most of their waking hours at play--exploring their expanding environment, imitating others' actions, and creating a safety net of rituals around eating, sleeping, and everything in between
(2.) Toddlers invariably take on tasks that are beyond their abilities, which can result in frustration and an occasional well-known temper tantrum
(3.) Toddler exploratory nature and limited, but advancing, skills make them vulnerable to injury
(4.) All above are true
(4.)
True or False

Most toddlers are interested in other children. However, thsi interest is limited becuased toddlers, although ready to be other children, they are not ready to share
True
What is paralel play?
Where children play side by side, doing similar things with similar toys, but each working independently
What is the average sleep for a toddler?
12 hours a day, including 1 or 2 naps of shorter duration
What are rituals?
Are characteristics of toddlers, and most toddlers have a nap and bedtime ritual
True or False

Parents should not establish and follow the sleep time rituals
False, parents should establish and follow the sleep time rituals, even when visitors, family illness, or travel makes the routine more difficult
What is the difference between Night Terrors and Nightmares?
Nightmares startt at a later age and result in the child awakening and being able to recall the frightening dream.
Night terrors, the child does not waken completely, but cries ou, looks terrified, and cannot be aroused for several minutes
True or False

Toddlers who experienced the security of a nurturing and reliable source of protection and attachment during infancy have a strong base from which to begin to explore and learn about their expanding world
True
Fill in the blank

The toddler's advancing thought processing skills and abilities to use the language are heralded by the development of ___________________.
Egocentrism
True or False

Toddlers who come running into a room asking parents "Where is it?" are confused when parents respond "Where is what?" They assume their parents and all others share their same thoughts and cannot understand why they don't
True
Which of the following are false?
(1.) Toddlers interpret and learn about objects and events, not in terms of general properties, but in terms of their relationships with them or their use to them
(2.) The toddler thoughts are dominated by what they see, hear, or otherwise expereince, and they want to experience everything
(3.) Their two-word to three-word phrases are most often related to present events, describing an action, a desire, or possession
(4.) All the above are true
(4.)
Fill in the Blank

By age ______, childrn have mastered the basics of language function, form, and content, and these fundamentals will continue to be refinded throughout childhood and adolescence.
3
Fill in the blank

Toddlers have a solid understanding of _____________________________ and are no longer easily distracted when a desired toy, blanket, or parent is not found
Object permanence
What age knows up to 50 words, can recognize between 6 to 12 objects and can understand simple one-step commands?
18 months
What age can express up to 20 words, uses names of familiar objects and one-word sentences?
18 months
What age knows up to 1200 words, distinguishes between one and many and formulates a negative judgment, understands simple stories, follows simple two-step directions, and is beginning to make distinctions between me and you?
24 months
What are can express up to 270 words, talks in words, phrases, and two-word to three-word sentences?
24 months
What age knows up to 2400 words, identifies action, in pictures and objects by use, carries out one-part and two-part commands, knows what is used to drink liquids, what goes on the feet, what is used to buy candy, understands plurals, questions, and the difference between boy and girl?
30 months
What age can express up to 425 words, names words, repeats two digits from memory, and begins to ask questions of adults?
30 months
What age knows up to 3600 words, identifies several colors, and is aware of the past and future?
36 months
What age can express up to 900 words, can repeat three digits, name one color, say name, give simple account of experiences, and tell stories that can be understood?
36 months
Fill in the Blank

The toddler period is dominated by ____(1)____, often referred toa s a ____(2)_________ which is repetitive and ritualistic.
(1.) play
(2.) child's work
True or False

The nurse can reframe the terrible twos by teaching parents adn caregivers that toddlers might better be viewed as "young acientists" in need of a safe "laboratory" in which to conduct their trail and error research.
True
True or False

The ability to hear and listen to others is not critical for speech and language development
False, it is critical
Fill in the Blank

Toddler's visual acuity is usually around ________
20/40
Which physical growth and development change in toddlers places them at risk for airway change in toddlers places them at risk for airway obstruction?
(1.) The diameter of the upper respiratory tract is small
(2.) The respiratory rate decreases to 25 breaths per minute
(3.) All 20 primary or deciduous teeth erupt by the end of toddlerhood
(4.) The swallowing pattern using the tongue is fully developed
1
The nurse ofters interventions to parents to enhance toddler's nutritional pattern by telling the parents to (select all that applies):
(1.) Avoid foods that may cause choking
(2.) Serve the toddler's favorite foods when the child refuses to eat
(3.) Send the toddler to bed if the child does not want to eat
(4.) Not use food to bribe, reward, or punish teh toddler
(5.) Serve amall portions and let the toddler ask for more
(6.) Serve mixtures of foods
1,4,5
The nurse is teaching a group of mohters about toddlers and their play activities by explaining that toddlers:
(1.) Participate in parallel play
(2.) Demonstrate skill in sharing and cooperative play
(3.) Enjoy playing together with a group of toddlers
(4.) Learn best with intensive drill during play
1
The nurse, presenting a class on strategies to prevent drowning in toddlers, instructs parents to:
(1.) Teach your toddler how to swim
(2.) Place the toddler in the tub with 1 or 2 inches of water
(3.) Make sure pails of water are less than one half full
(4.) Be sure the toddler wears a personal flotation device when boating
4
Which statement, if made by a parent after attending a teaching session on initiating a toilet training program for toddlers, indicates a need for further teaching?
(1.) "I take my child to the potty after a meal"
(2.) "I offer praise when my child uses the potty"
(3.) "I require my child to sit on the potty until she goes"
(4.) "I have given my child underpants as a reward for using the potty"
3
The nurse assessing a 24-month old toddler expects expressive language to include:
(1.) Repeats 2 digits from memory
(2.) Jargon and echolalia areused predominately
(3.) Talks in phrases and two to three word sentences
(4.) Average sentence lenght is approximately 2 and 1/2 words.
3