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70 Cards in this Set

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Smallest known cells; true bacteria (1500 species)
Phylum Schizophyta
Kingdom Monera
Blue-green algae; chlorophyll a, carotene and phycobilin pigments (200 species)
Phylum Cyanophyta
Kingdom Monera
Organisms without nuclear membranes; nuclear material is spread througout cell; predominantly unicellular and colonial- including the true bacteria (eubacteria) and cyanobacteria (blue green algae)
Kingdom Monera
Organisms with nuclear material confined to a nucleus by a membrane; includes unicellular protozoans and unicellular and multicellular (macroscopic) algae
Kingdom Protocista (Protista)
Golden brown algae; includes diatoms, coccolithophores, and silicoflagellates; chlorophyll a and c, xanthophyll, and carotene pigments (6000+ species)
Phylum Chrysophyta
Kingdom Protista
Dinoflagellate algae; chlorophyll a and c, xanthophyull, and carotene pigments (1100 species)
Phylum Pyrrophyta
Kingdom Protista
Green alge; chlorophyll a and b and carotene pigments (7000 species)
Phylum Chlorophyta
Kingdom Protista
Brown algae; chlorophyll a and c, xanthophyll, and carotene pigments (1500 species)
Phylum Phaeophyta
Kingdom Protista
Red algae; chlorophyll a, carotene, and phycobilin pigments (4000 species)
Phylum Rhodophyta
Kingdom Protista
Nonphotosynthetic, heterotrophic protists (27,400 species)
Phylum Protozoa
Kingdom Protista
Which class?
Flagellated; dinoflagellates (5200 species)
Class Mastigophora
Phylum Protozoa, Kingdom Protista
Which class?
Ameboid; foraminiferans and radiolarians (11,500 species)
Class Sarcodina
Phylum Protozoa, Kingdom Protista
Which class?
Ciliated (6000 species)
Class Ciliophora
Phylum Protozoa, Kingdom Protista
Multicellular autotrophic (photosynthetic) plants
Kingdom Plantae (Metaphyta)
Vascular plants with roots, stems, and leaves that are serviced by special cells that carry food and fluids (287,200 species)
Phylum Tracheophyta
Kingdom Plantae
Flowering plants with seeds contained in a closed vessel (275,000 species but mostly nonmarine; marine species include eelgrass, surfgrass, manatee grass, turtle grass, salt marsh grasses, mangroves)
Class Angiospermae
Kingdom Plantae
Multicellular heterotrophic animals
Kingdom Animalia
Sponges; spicules are the only hard parts in these sessile animals that do not possess tissue (10,000 species)
Phylum Porifera
Kingdom Animalia
Which class?
Calcium Carbonate spicules (50 species)
Class Calcarea
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Porifera
Which class?
Skeleton may be composed of siliceous spicules or spongin fibers or be nonexistenet (9500 species)
Class Desmospongiae
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Porifera
Which class?
Coralline sponges; massive skeleton composed of calcium carbonate, siliceous spicules, and organic fibers (7 species)
Class Sclerospongiae
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Porifera
Which class?
Glass sponges; six-rayed with siliceous particles (450 species)
Class Hexactinellida
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Porifera
Radially symmetrical, two-cell, layered body wall with one opening to gut cavity; polyp (asexual, sexual, benthic) and medusa (sexual, pelagic) body forms (10,000 species)
Phylum Cnidaria (Coelenterata)
Which class?
Polypoid colonies such as pelagic Portugese man-of-war and benthic Obelia common; medusa present in reproductive cycle (3000 species)
Class Hydrozoa
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Cnidaria
Which class?
Jellyfish; medusa up to 1 meter in diameter is dominant form; polyp is small if present
Class Scyphozoa
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Cnidaria
Which class?
Corals and anemones possessing only polypoid body form and reproducing asexually and sexually (6500 species)
Class Anthozoa
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Cnidaria
Predominantly planktonic comb jellies; basic eight-sided raidal symmetry modified by secondary bilateral symmetry (80 species)
Phylum Ctenophora
Kingdom Animalia
Flatworms; bilateral symmetry; hermaphroditic (25,000 species)
Phylum Platyhelminthes
Kingdom Animalia
Ribbon worms; as long as 30 meters; benthic and pelagic (800 species)
Phylum Nemertea
Kingdom Animalia
Roundworms; marine forms are primarily free living and benthic; most 1 to 3 mm in length (5000 marine species)
Phylum Nematoda
Kingdom Animalia
Ciliated, unsegmented forms less than 2 mm in length (1500 species, only a few marine)
Phlyum Rotifera
Kingdom Animalia
Moss animals; benthic, branching or encrusting colonies; lopophore feeding structure (4500 species)
Phylum Bryozoa (Ectoprocta)
Kingdom Animalia
Lamp shells; lophophorate benthic bivalves (300 species)
Phylum Branchiopoda
Kingdom Animalia
Horseshoe worms; lophorate tube worms up to 24 cm long that live in sediment of shallw and temperate shallow waters (15 species)
Phylum Phoronida
Kingdom Animalia
Peanut worms; benthic (325 species)
Phylum Sipuncula
Kingdom Animalia
Spoon worms; sausage shaped with spoon shaped proboscis; burrow in sediment or live under rocks (130 species)
Phylum Schiura
Kingdom Animalia
Tube-dwelling, gutless worms 5 to 80 cm long; absorb organic matter through body wall (100 species)
Phylum Pogonophora
Kingdom Animalia
Marine meiofauna that have to ability to survive long periods in a cryptobiotic staet (diversity is poorly known)
Phylum Tardigrada
Kingdom Animalia
Soft bodies possessing a muscular foot and mantle that usually secretes calcium carbonate shell (75,000 species)
Phylum Mollusca
Kingdom Animalia
Which class?
rare trench dwelling forms with segmented bodies and limpet like shells (10 species)
Class monoplacophora
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Mollusca
Which class?
chitons; oval, flattened body covered by eight overlapping plates (600 species)
Class Polyplacophora
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Mollusca
which class?
large, diverse group of snails and their relatives; shell spiral if present (64,500 species)
Class Gastropoda
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Mollusca
which class?
Bivalves; includes mostly filter feeding clams, mussels, oysters, and scallops (7,500 species)
Class Bivalvia
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Mollusca
which class?
Tusk shells; sand-burrowing organisms that feed on small animalsl iving in sand deposits (350 species)
Class Aplacophora
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Mollusca
octopus, squid, and cuttlefish that possess no external shell except in the genus Nautilus (600 species)
Class Cephalopoda
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Mollusca
Segmented worms in which musculature, circulatory, nervous, excretory, and reproductive systems may be repeated in many segments (10,000 marine species)
Phylum Annelida
Kingdom Animalia
joint legged animals with segmented body covered by an exoskeleton (30,000 marine species)
Phylum Arthropoda
Kingdom Animalia
which subphylum?
calcareous exoskeleton, two pairs of antennae; cephlon, thorax, and abdomen body parts; includes copepods, ostracods, barnacles, shrimp, lobsters, and crabs (26,000 species)
Subphylum Crustacea
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Arthropoda
which class?
Horseshoe crabs (4 species)
Class Merostomata
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Arthropoda, Subphylum Chelicerata
which class?
sea spiders
Class Pycnogonide
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Arthropoda, Subphylum Chelicerata
which subphlylum?
insects; genus Halobites is the only true marine isect
Subphylum Uniramia
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Arthropoda
Arrowworms; mostly planktonic, transparent and slender; up to 10 cm long (50 species)
Phylum Chaetognatha
Kingdom Animalia
Spiny skinned animals; benthic animlas with secondary radial symmetry and water vascular system (6000 species)
Phylum Echinodermata
Kingdom Animalia
which class?
starfishes; free living, flattened body with five or more rays with tube feet use for locomotion; mouth down (1600 species)
Class Asteroidea
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Echinodermata
which class?
brittle stars and basket stars; prominent central dic with slender rays; tube feet used for feeding; mouth down (200 species)
Class Ophiuroidea
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Echinodermata
which class?
sea urchins, sand dollars, and heart urchins; free living forms without rays; calcium carbonate test; mouth down or forward (860 species)
Class Echinoidea
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Echinodermata
which class?
sea cucumbers; soft bodies with radial symmtery obscured; mouth forward (900 species)
Class Holothuroidea
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Echinodermata
which class?
sea lilies and feather stars; cup shaped body attached to bottom by a jointed stalk or appendages; mouth up (630 species)
Class Crinoidea
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Echinodermata
Acorn worms and pterobranchs; primitive nerve chord; gill slits; benthic (90 species)
Phylum Hemichordata
Kingdom Animalia
notocord; dorsal nerve chord and gills or gill slits (55,000 species)
Phylum Chordata
Kingdom Animalia
which subphylum?
tunicates; chordate characteristics in larval stage only; benthic sea squirts and planktonic thaliaceans and larvaceans (1375 species)
Subphylum Urochordata
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Chordata
which subphylum?
amphioxus or lancelets; live in coarse temperate and tropical sediment
Subphylum Cephalochordata
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Chordata
which subphylum?
internal skeleton; spinal column of vertebrae; brain (52,000 species)
Subphylum Vertabrata
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Chordata
which class?
lampreys and hagfishes; most primitive vertebrates with cartilaginous skeleton, no jaws, and no scales (50 species)
Class Agnatha
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Chordata, Subphylum Vertabrata
which class?
sharks, skates, and rays; cartilaginous skeleton; 5 to 7 gill openings; placoid scales (625 species)
Class Chondrichthyes
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Chordata, Subphylum Vertabrata
which class?
bony fishes; cycloid scales; covered gill opening; swim bladder common (30,000 species)
Class Osteichthyes
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Chordata, Subphylum Vertabrata
which class?
frogs, toads, and salamanders; asian mud flat frogs are the only amphibians that tolerate marine water (2600 species)
Class Amphibia
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Chordata, Subphylum Vertabrata
which class?
snakes, turtles, lizards, and alligators; orders Squamata (snakes) and Chelonia (turtles) are major marine groups (6500 species)
Class Reptilia
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Chordata, Subphylum Vertabrata
which class?
birds; many live on and in the ocean but all must return to land to breed
Class Aves
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Chordata, Subphylum Vertabrata
which class?
warm blooded; hair; mammary glands; bear live young; marine representatives found in the orders Carnivora (sea otter, polar bear, pinnipeds), Sirenia (manatee, dugong), and Cetacea (whales, dolphins, and porpoises) (4100 species)
Class Mammalia
Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Chordata, Subphylum Vertabrata