Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/13

Click to flip

13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
What is this lung sound?
Crackles (These crackles and bronchial breathing were recorded posteriorly over the consolidated left lower lung of a 16 year old boy with tuberculosis)

What do crackles signify?
Crackles are caused by the "popping open" of small airways and alveoli collapsed by fluid, exudate, or lack of aeration during expiration. The word "rales" derives from the French word râle meaning "rattle".

Crackles can be heard in patients with pneumonia, atelectasis, pulmonary fibrosis, acute bronchitis, or bronchiectasis. Pulmonary edema secondary to left-sided congestive heart failure can also cause rales.
What is this lung sound?
Crackles (These late inspiratory fine crackles were recorded over the right posterior lower lung of a 55 year old woman with rheumatoid lung disease)

What causes crackles?
Crackles are caused by the "popping open" of small airways and alveoli collapsed by fluid, exudate, or lack of aeration during expiration. The word "rales" derives from the French word râle meaning "rattle".

Crackles can be heard in patients with pneumonia, atelectasis, pulmonary fibrosis, acute bronchitis, or bronchiectasis. Pulmonary edema secondary to left-sided congestive heart failure can also cause rales.
What is this lung sound?
Crackles (These crackles were recorded over the right posterior lower chest of a 9 year old boy with pneumonia)
What is this lung sound?
Wheezing (This expiratory wheezing was recorded over the right anterior upper chest of an 8 year old boy with asthma).
What is this breath sound?
Wheezing (This wheezing and coarse crackles were recorded over the right posterior lower lung of an 8 month old boy with viral bronchiolitis).
What is this lung sound?
Wheezing (This wheezing over trachea and right lower lung was recorded from an 11-year old girl with acute asthma. The stereo recording plays tracheal sounds on the left and lung sounds on the right).
What is this airway sound?
Stridor (This stridor was recorded over the trachea of a 15 month old girl with croup).
What is this airway sound?
Grunting (This grunting was recorded with a microphone in front of the mouth of a premature baby girl with respiratory distress 7 hours after birth).
What is this airway sound?
Squawk (This inspiratory squawk and crackles were recorded over the right posterior upper chest of a 78 year old woman with interstitial pulmonary fibrosis (this is a stereo file with simultaneous recording over both right and left lung).
What is this airway sound?
Normal Bronchail Sounds (These bronchial sounds were recorded over the right anterior upper chest of a 12 year old boy).
What are these airway sounds?
Normal lung sounds (These bronchovesicular sounds were recorded over the right posterior lower chest of a 2 day old baby girl).
What are these airway sounds?
Normal Tracheal sounds (These tracheal sounds were recorded over the trachea of a healthy 26 year old man. (Note: this is a stereo file with simultaneous recording over trachea and posterior right lower lung)
What are these aiway sounds?
Normal vesicular sounds (The normal "vesicular" sounds were recorded over the left anterior upper chest of a 15 year old male adolescent).