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9 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is a passing tone and what does it do?

what two things can they be?
A passing tone moves consesecutively in steps in either direction.

they can be upper or lower depending on the direction
What is a neighboring tone and what does it do?

what two things can they be?
they are above the main tone or below the main tone

ie: A-B-A
b is the neighboring tone

they can be upper or lower
When does a suspension occur?
It occurs when the non-harmonic tone is approached from the same tone and then resolves down.
When does retardation occur?
It occurs when the non-harmonic tone is approached from the same tone and then resolves up.
What is anticipation?
It is the NHT that sounds the same pictch as the harmonic tone following.

ies:E-F-F
middle F is anticipated.

or: E-D-D
What is pedal point?
It is sustained in one voice while the other voices change harmonies. (bass doesent change)
What is an appoggiatura?
They are approached by a step and then a leap, then resolve by a step. most times the skip is going upward.

ie: E-(HIGH)D-C

the D is the appo.
What is an escaped tone?
It is the opposite of an appoggiatura. It a step and then a leap

ie: E-(lower)D-(high)C

D is the escaped tone
What are changing tones?
it involves four pitches, where the note of approach and the note of resolution are the same. the note of approach is by step in either direction. then this dissonant tone moves a third in the opposite direction. it is approached by a step.

ie: C-D-B-C