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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
-behavior is governed by internal forces of which we are unaware
-associated with primitive drives
-thoughts that we are aware of
-delays gratification
Conflict (freud)
-inevitable due to the complexity of life
The Past (freud)
-has a profound influence on adult life (childhood is particularly important)
The Body (freud)
-men and women experience their bodies differently
-biologic urges
-acts on pleasure principle
-relates to the external world
-acts on reality principle
-negotiates btw id and superego
Super ego
-last part to develop
-enforces and stores rules
-strives for moral perfection
What are the mature defenses?
-ID instincts are displaced or converted into socially acceptable outlets
What are the neurotic defenses?
-reaction formation
-redirecting an emotion from its original object to a more acceptable subject
Reaction formation
-repressed motives are translated into their opposite
-mentally separating part of conciousness from reality
What are the immature defenses?
-one's own unacceptable impulses and desires are disowned and attributed to another
-displacement of one's feelings onto a substitute object
-ex. patient transfers feelings onto analyst
-the uncontrolled response of the analyst to the patient's transference
Contiguity theory
-any stimulus and response connected in time and or space will tend to be associated
Operant Conditioning
-learning to make or withold a certain behavior bc of its consequences
Continuous reinforcement
-learning occurs rapidly
-extinction occurs rapidly
Partial reinforcement
-learning occurs slowly
-resistant to extinction
What major disorder is a result of operant conditioning?
-lack of positive reinforcement
-learned helplessness
What major disorder is a result of classical conditioning?
-phobias and panic disorders
-biological response gets associated with a neutral stimulus
Social learning theory
-complex learning occurs through modeling of behavior
Who do people tend to model?
-those that they like and respect
-those they consider attractive or powerful
-those they see as most like themselves
According to social learning theory why does behavior occur?
-due to anticipated future reinforcement