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12 Cards in this Set

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Define anomie.
a state of mind, a state of normlessness ( lack of norms), or a state of frustration or strain
According to the Anomie or Strain Theory, what must be true about cultural goals?
(a) Everyone has access to these goals; available to everyone if they want to accept them (b) there are legitimate/structural means to achieve these goals; not available to everyone
What is a normal reaction to anomie?
Accept goals and accept means
accept the goal to have a family, so look for a partner
What is an innovation reaction to anomie?
Accept goals but reject means
want a family, but refuse to date to look for a partner
What is a ritualism reaction to anomie?
Reject goals but accept means
don't want a family, but willing to look for a partner
What is a rebellion reaction to anomie?
Rejects goals and reject means
don't want a family or to date people to find a partner
What are to limitations of the Anomie or Strain Theory?
1. You are considered deviant if you reject cultural norms of success
2. There is a a social class bias
What is the focus of the Differential Theory?
Interactions with others and groups with which we associate
What are the assumptions of the Differential Theory?
Norms in society sometimes conflict
Deviance results from conflicting norms and differential associations
Deviance is learned when we are exposed to more deviant behavior than conventional behavior
What are the 3 determining factors of impact of group?
1. Early exposure
2. Degree of attachment
3. Frequency and length of associations
What are the limitations of the Differential Theory?
Some people associate with deviant groups, but are not deviant themselves; unable to explain how groups (as opposed to individuals) become deviant
What are the limitations of the Labeling Theory?
1. Neglects to explain what provokes the first act of deviance
2. Over emphasis on others ' reaction
3. Neglects/pays no attention to who labels acts as deviant