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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is freuds structural theory?
ID ego and superego
Freuds theory of psychosocial development
-a persons sexual energy (id/libido) centers on a different part of the body during each part of development
-personality traits result from the ways that conflicts are solved at each stage
What does oral fixation result in?
-dependence
-passivity
-gullbility
-orally focused habits
What does anal fixation result in?
-stinginess
-obsessive behavior
-cruelty
What does phallic fixation result in?
-sexual exploitation of others
Erikson
-basic trust vs mistrust
-if basic trust is strong child maintains a hopeful attitude
-birth to 1 yo
Erikson
-autonomy vs shame and doubt
-exercises will and autonomy by holding on or letting go of mother
-self doubt can occur if child is overly shamed by parents
-1 to 3
Erikson
-initiative vs guilt
-desire to mimic adult world
-become more goal oriented
-3 to 5
Erikson
-idustry vs inferiority
-building, creating, accomplishing
-danger of sense of inadequacy compared to peers
-6 to 11
Erikson
-identity vs role confusion
-struggle to develop ego
-preocupation with appearance, hero worship, ideology
-can have doubts about sexual and vocational identity
Erikson
-intimacy vs isolation
-tasks are to love and work
-some people become self absorbed
-21 to 40
Erikson
-generativity vs stagnation
-having and raising kids
-improving society
-stagnation is a barren, uncreative state
-40 to 65
Erikson
-ego integrity vs despair
-conflict btw the sense of having lived a long and fullfilled life and the feeling that life has little meaning or purpose
-65+
Piaget's theory of intellectual development
-intellectual development occurs in 4 stages
-kids progress thru the stages in the same order but at different rates
Piaget
-sensorimotor stage
-kid learns about their relationship to their environment
-using words
-child begins to think about events which are not immediately present
Piaget
-preoperational phase
-kids use language to try to make sense of the world
-have difficulty with cause and effect
-can classify objects based on various criteria
-2 to 7
Piaget
-concrete operational stage
-can do complex mental operations only with real objects/events
-understand the concept of reversibility
-can take another persons perspective
-7 to 12
Piaget
-formal operational stage
-abstract thinking
-can test hypotheses mentally
-can think ahead when planning a solution
-thinking about thinking
-12+
Mahler
-autistic phase
-major task is to achieve homestatic equilibrium with the environment
-birth to 2 months
MAhler
-symbiotic phase
-dim awareness of caretaker
-social smile
-2 to 4 months
Mahler
-differentiation phase
-more alert sensorium
-able to discern what is mother and what is not
-stranger anxiety
-5 to 10 months
Mahler
-practicing phase
-upright locomotion
-mother used as homebase
-separation anxiety
-10 to 18 months
Mahler
-rapproachment phase
-child tries to bridge the gap btw themself and mother(brings mom things)
-temper tantrums
-wants to be soothed by mom but wont except her help
-18 to 24 months
Mahler
-object constancy phase
-child better at coping with moms absence
-sees mother as reliable and stable
-24 months to 5 yrs
Kohlberg
-stage 1
-obedience and punishment orientation
-the right course of action is the one that allows you to avoid punishment
Kohlberg
-stage 2
-instrumental hedonism
-right action is base of fullfilling self needs
-orientation to exchange and reciprocity
Kohlberg
-stage 3
-good boy orientation
-wants to please others and gain their approval
Kohlberg
-stage 4
-law and order orientation
-moral judgement based on rules and laws
-concern is based on society as a whole
Kohlberg
-stage 5
-contractual/legal orientation
-laws must prevail over individual wants bc laws serve the greater good of society
Kohlberg
-Stage 6
-morality of universal ethical principles
-right and wrong depend on ones own principles