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7 Cards in this Set

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Psychoanalytic theory
Orginated with Sigmund Freud. According to Freud, development in the first six years occurs in three stages each characterized by sexual interest and pleasure centered on a particular part of the body.
What are the three stages according to Freud?
Oral-early childhood, Anal-preschool, Phallic stage-penis. Latency 6-11 and Genital adolesence.
Who followed freud?
Erik Erikson, eight develpmental stages covering the entire life span, each characterized by a particular challenge or developmental crisis.
Behaviorism
John B. Watson, Ivan Pavlov, and B.F. Skinner.
Ivan Pavlov
Rang the bell just before presenting food to the dog, after number of repetitions the dog began to drool at the sound of the bell. Classical conditioning.
B.F Skinner
Operant conditioning. A person learns that a particular behavior produces a particular consequence.
Cognitive theory
Jean Piaget, Four stages, Sensorimotor, pre-operational, concrete operational, and formal operational. The thought process.