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105 Cards in this Set

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Theodicy
A justification of God's goodness and justice in the face of the existence of evil.
Decalogue
The Ten Commandments
Hasatan
adversary, name meaning "The Satan" in english
Moses
In the Bible, the Hebrew prophet and lawgiver who led the Israelites out of Egypt.
Monotheism
Belief in one God
Monolatary
The worship of only one god although other gods are recognized as existing.
Henotheism
The worship of a particular god, as by a family or tribe, without disbelieving in the existence of others.
lex talionis
The principle or law of retaliation. Eye for an eye.
Moses in hebrew
To draw out.
Moses in Egyptian
To save out of the water or son.
Aaron
Older brother of Moses.
Miriam
Sister of Moses and Aaron.
Zipporah
The wife of Moses.
Jethro
The father in law of Moses.
Mount Sinai
Where Moses recieved the Ten Commandments.
Mount Horeb
Another name for the same place as Mount Sinai
Passover
When God sent the Angel of Death to pass over every house in Egypt and kill the first born if there is no sheep blood on the door post.
Plagues
The 10 widespread afflictions that Moses and God brought upon the Egyptians.
Golden Calf
The golden idol that was created by the Aaron and worshiped by the Israelites.
Manna
The divine or spiritual food supplied to the Israelites that was actually white insect secretions.
Cush
The eldest son of Ham
Caleb
a hebrew leader sent as a spy into the land of Canaan.
Joshua
A hebrew leaderw who succeeded Moses as leaders of the Isrealites.
Nehushtan
The name under which the Isrealites worshiped the brazen serpent made by Moses.
Balaam
A Mesopotamian diviner who, when commanded by Balak to curse the Isrealites, blessed them and uttered favorable prophecies after having been rebuked by the ass he rode.
Balak
a son of Zippor, and Moabite king who was sent to curse the Israelites.
Amalek
Was the son of Eliphaz and grandson of Esau.
Amalekites
A member of the tribe of Amalek, who was Esau's grandson.
Midianites
A member of an the tribe of Midian who were bedoins (desert people)
Mount Nebo
Where Moses viewed the Promised Land.
Josiah
King of Judah and son of Amon who attempted to destroy all forms of Idolatry.
Hammurabi
King of Babylon and codified the laws of Mesopotamia and Sumeria.
Torah
The first five books of the Hebrew Scriptures of the Bible.
Casuistic law
Law that is based on the actions and consequences. "if" and "then"
Apodictic Law
Law that are general commands. Ex You must not kill
Kosher
Refers to Jewish Dietary laws. Food that has been prayed on.
Behemoth
An animal that is mentioned in Job, that is large and powerful.
Leviathan
A sea monster mentioned in the Book of Job.
Tabernacle
The portable sacntuary in which the Jews carried the Ark of the Covenant through the desert.
Horned altar
Altars with horns that are refered to in the Bible.
Table of Showbread
Refers to cakes or loaves of bread that were always present a dedicated table in the Temple of Jerusalem as an offering to God.
Samson
A judge of Israel famous for his great strength.
Gideon
A judge of Isreal who conquered the Midianites.
Deborah
A female Judge of Israel who aided Israel in conquering the Canaanites.
Jephthah
A judge of Israel who vowed to sacrafice to God the first thing that greeted him after gaining victory over the Ammonites.
Jehu
King of Israel whe slew Ahab, Jezebel, and the prophets of Baal. Fast Chariot Driver.
Menorah
A candlestand with seven brances branches that is used in the Biblical Tabernacle or Temple of Jerusalem.
Altar of Incense
A golden piece of furniture in the Holy Place on which incense was burned and it had four golden horns.
Yom Kippur
A Jewish holy day called the Day of Atonement.
Azazel
In the Bible, the evil spirit in the wilderness to whom a scapegoat was sent on the Day of Atonement.
Table of Showbread
Refers to cakes or loaves of bread that were always present a dedicated table in the Temple of Jerusalem as an offering to God.
Samson
A judge of Israel famous for his great strength.
Gideon
A judge of Isreal who conquered the Midianites.
Deborah
A female Judge of Israel who aided Israel in conquering the Canaanites.
Jephthah
A judge of Israel who vowed to sacrafice to God the first thing that greeted him after gaining victory over the Ammonites.
Jehu
King of Israel whe slew Ahab, Jezebel, and the prophets of Baal. Fast Chariot Driver.
Menorah
A candlestand with seven brances branches that is used in the Biblical Tabernacle or Temple of Jerusalem.
Altar of Incense
A golden piece of furniture in the Holy Place on which incense was burned and it had four golden horns.
Yom Kippur
A Jewish holy day called the Day of Atonement.
Azazel
In the Bible, the evil spirit in the wilderness to whom a scapegoat was sent on the Day of Atonement.
Scapegoat
A goat let loose in the wilderness on Yom Kippur.
Urim and Thummim
Means light and perfection. It is accociated with the High Priest's breastplate.
Day of Atonement
Means Yom Kippur. A day in which the Jews atone for their sins.
Battle of Kadesh
Battle that took place between the Egyptian Empire and the Hittite Empire at the city of Kadesh.
Ramesses II
King of Egypt who is believed to be the Pharaoh of the Exodus. Also during his reign the Battle of Kadesh took place.
Talmud
The collection of Jewish law and commentaries on biblical texts that form with the Torah. It consists of the Gemara and the Mishnah.
Jericho
A city in the Bible, which was the first place taken by the Israelites under Joshua as they entered the Promised Land.
Rahab
A harlot of Jericho who gave shelter to the two spys sent by Joshua to spy on the city.
Ai
One of the cities of the Canaanites where Joshua was tefeated and then was victorious. The second Canaanite city taken by Israel.
Shofar
A ram's horn blown as a wind instrument sounded in Biblical times.
Achan
A member of the Tribe of Judah who was stoned along with his family for stealing forbidden spoils.
Hasmonean
A member of a priestly family of Jewish rulers and leaders, which the Maccabees belonged.
Maccabees
fdA Jewish national liberation movement that fought for and won independence and founded the Hasmonean dynasty.
Antiochus IV
Ruler of the Seleucid Empire and the Maccabeean revolt occured during his reign.
Seleucid
Dynasty that was founded in Syria by Seleucus Nicater after the death of Alexander the Great.
Ptolomy
Hellenistic mathematician, astronomer, and geographer in Alexandria.
Apocrypha
The biblical books included in the Vulgate and Septuagint and accepted by the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Canon.
Qumran
An ancient village of Palestine on the northwest shore of the Dead Sea. It is noted for the caves in which the Dead Sea Scrolls were found.
Dead Sea Scrolls
A number of scolls that contain partial texts of some of the books in the Old Testament and some non-Biblical scrolls. Found in a cave near the Dead Sea
Essenes
A member of an ascetic Jewish sect that existed in ancient Palestine.
Pharisees
A member of a Jewish sect that emphasized strict interpretation and observance of the Mosaic law both written and oral.
Sadducees
A member of a Jewish sect that accepted only written Mosaic law.
Zealots
A member of a Jewish movement who fought against Roman rule in Palestine. They refused to pay tribute to the Romans, because they felt it was a violation of the priniple that God was the only king of Israel.
Peter
One of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus who denied Jesus three times.
Matthew
one of the four Evangelists and one of the Twelve apostles. Author of the first Gospel
Mark
one of the four Evangelists: traditionally believed to be the author of the second Gospel.
Luke
Companion of Saint Paul and author of the third Gospel of the New Testament. He is considered the patron saint of painters and physicians.
John
the apostle John, believed to be the author of the fourth Gospel, three Epistles, and the book of Revelation.
Synoptic Gospels
Relating to or being the first three gospels of the New Testament, which share content, style, and order of events and which differ largely from John.
Mary Magdalene
She was the first witness the Jesus' ressurection. She was also a reformed prostitute.
Mary and Martha
The sisters of Lazarus.
Mary the mother of James and John
The wife of Zebedee and mother of James the Great.
Josephus
Jewish general and historian who took part in the Jewish revolt against the Romans.
Pentecost
The day in which the Holy Spirit descended upon the apostles.
Shavout
A feast that commemorates when Moses recieved the Ten Commandments.
Paul
Also called Saul and he persecuted Christians. He wrote many epistles to the Gentiles and the Acts of the Apostles.
Saul
Also known as Paul. This was his name while he used to persecute the Christians until God gave him the name Paul.
Gospel of Thomas
One of the Gnostic gospels that was written by St. Thomas. It is not accepted by any major Christian Cononical groups. It contains 114 sayings attributed to Jesus in Coptic.
Community Rule
The name given to one of the documents found in the caves at Qumran.
Daniel
the one who was thrown into the lions den by Nebuchadnezzar and was protected by God.
Shadrach
A companion of David who was thrown into the fire along with Meshach and Abednego.
Meshach
A companion of David who was thrown into the fire along with Shadrach and Abednego.
Abednego
A companion of David who was thrown into the fire along with Shadrach and Meshach.
Nebuchadnezzar
King who took over Jerusalem and threw Daniel in the lion's den.
Chaldeans
A member of an ancient Semetic people who ruled in Babylonia.