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56 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
alexandrian canon
term used to designate the listing of books within the Greek OT
apocryphal books
these are books which are not found in the canon of Scripture; protestants call them deuterocanonical books
official listing of the books in Scripture
a bound book
dead sea scrolls
copied and preserved by the Essene-Jewish community; include nearly every book of the TaNaK
deauterocanonical books
term used by catholics to designate their seven extra books; not found in the TaNaK or the Protestant OT
term used for the migration of the Jews from palestine through the mediterannean and the middle east
reading meaning into a text that is not there
taking meaning out of the text; explaining what a given text means
in exercise today
term that refers to a literary "type"
the science of interpretation and explanation
the 3rd division of the hebrew bible; "the writings"
literal sense of Scripture
the meaning of a text directly intended by the human author and conveyed by his words
massoretic text
standard text of the Hebrew Bible; original text didn't contain vowels, so Jewish scholars produced this text with vowel marks to indicate pronunciation
the second division of the Hebrew bible; "prophets"
palestinian canon
the listing of books put forward by rabbis for the Jewish community; martin luther took it over when he split from the catholic church
paper-like material first developed in Egypt; used to produce ancient writings
a smaller literary unit within a larger work
a translation of the Bible into Syriac
"false writings" works in which the true author is not known, but to which a famous name has been attached in order to give the text more validity
type of ancient book, also called a "scroll"; continuous sheet of papyrus
sensus plenoir
deeper meaning, intended by God by not the human author; found through furthur knowledge of revelation
sensus typicus
deeper meaning that things or people possess b/c they foreshadow something to come
greek translation of the OT produced in Alexandria and used by the Jews in the Diaspora
apprevation of the Hebrew bible
the first division of the Hebrew bible; it contains the first 5 books; also called "The Law" or "The Pentateuch"
skins of cattle, sheep, or goats that have been prepared and used as writing material; replaced papyrus
Latin translation of the Bible; it was the commont text of the Western church for years
a tribal league, with 12 members, who are bound together by a shared religious tradition and shared cultic site
apodictic law
law which "comes from the speaking"; it is a universal law with no conditions attached; "do this/don't do that"
an ornate box that functioned as a portable shrine; contained tablets and moses' staff
case law
law that has developed over time within society based on their experiences; it gives conditions when it is to be used and punishments
Greek translation of the Hebrew Messiah
ten commandments
the time period between the destruction of Judah and the Restoration; upper class was taken to Babylon
Holy of Holies
innermost room of the tabernacle and the temple; contained the ark and was thought to be the place where God dwelt on earth
an individual chosen by God to deliver his people from foreign opppression
levirate marriage
marriage that occurs when a husband dies and his brother marries the wife, who's first child is then considered the first husband's son
tribe within Israel that had the function of priests within Israel; they are responsible for maintaining shrines, etc.
mercy seat
Cover of the Ark that had two cherubs on it whose wings were outstretched over the top; considered to be God's throne
"anointed one"; used to designate kings in the OT
nazarite vow
man promises not to touch liquor or cut his hair for 7 years; at the end his head is shaved, and he is released from the vow; can be made for a lifetime
individual chosen or called by God in order to pass on message to the people
the tabernacle
portable shrine to yahweh constructed in the wilderness
when god appears visually to people
a type of literate usually written in times of Persecution, used to persuade believers that God is in charge of the universe
one of the twelve chosen by Jesus to continue early Christianity
a letter, in the NT, and epistle is written to a specific community in response to a controversy or a question
the future time when God's promises will be fulfilled
the good news proclaiming Jesus and the Church
technical term used in NT to refer to a statement of faith; "Jesus is the Christ"
story, usually dealing with the Kingdom of God, told by Jesus which uses traditional images to teach crowds truth
literally, "to arrive"; second coming of Christ to the world
source for Matthew and Luke
Son of Man
a phrase used by Jesus to describe himself as the Messiah; in John's gospel it is connected to the passion