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55 Cards in this Set

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What is the significance of "The Poetics"?
The first written manual stating the elements of tragedy
The Six Elements of Tragedy:
1. Character
2. Plot
3. Thought/Theme
4. Language/Diction
5. Music/Rhythm
6. Spectacle/Special Effects
What is Plot?
"the structure of the incidents" DIFFERENT THAN THE STORY. deliberate choices made by playwright. A good plot should be "whole, have beg, mid, end, contain only necessary and probable elements"
A RECOGNITION && REVERSAL:
-the hero learns something
-the exact opposite happens than what the hero expects
Tragic Characters Are:
Royalty, of high moral character but NOT perfect!
What is "Hamartia"?
A tragic flaw
Theme:
the "idea"
Diction/Language
"modes of utterance" the tone
Music
song, or rhythm, pacing of play
Spectacle
visual elements (aristotle says this takes away from the actors)
What is GENRE?
categories or "types" of dramas
Types of Dramas include:
- tragedy
- comedy
- tragicomedy
- melodrama
- realism
- domestic drama
- the well-made play
- musical theatre
Tragedy developed during which time periods?
Ancient Greece: 5th century BCE
Ancient Rome: 240 BCE - 410 AD
Comedy originated where, and what are the 3 types?
In ancient Greece

-Old Comedy 490-404 BCE
-Middle Comedy 404-336 BCE
-New Comedy 336 BCE- current
What is a typical new comedy like?
Domestic situations, revolving around love, financial, family relationships. a misunderstanding or concealed information.
What is a typical new comedy plot?
boy meets girls, boy can't have girl, older man stands in way, obstacle solved, young lovers unite!
NEW COMEDY CHARACTER TYPES:

Young Lover:
ADULESCENCE
Young unobtainable woman:
MERETRIX
Old Man
SENEX
The Pimp:
LENO
Braggart Soldier:
MAICUS GLORIOSUS
The Servant
PARASITE
What era did the tragicomedy derive from?
Elizabethan Era (1558-1603)
The Well-Made Play
Eugene Scribe, 1761-1861
Tightly crafted plot
Relies on Suspense and Intrigue

THE END: DENUEMENT (everything ties together)
The Exposition:
Secret gradually revealed to audience
Obligatory Scene:
hero confronts antagonist, misunderstanding unravels

"SCENE A FAIRE"
REALISM IS:
NEW! late 19th century
influenced by developments in the social sciences
The Creative Team is Made up Of...
- the playwrights
- producer
- director
- performers
- designers
- specialized consultants
The major tasks of the Producer:
-budget
-publicity
-selection of season, script, etc
Commercial Theatre VS Regional Theatre
Commercial- FOR PROFIT
Regional- NON PROFIT
The Director is in Charge of:
Auditions
Rehersal
Design Approval
The Performers:
Actors
Dancers
Vocalists
The Design Team:
Scene
Costumes
Lighting
Sound
Specialized Consultants:
Dramaturg (pre-production)
Vocal and/or acting coaches
Movement coaches
Fight choreographer
What is a "movement"?
when a previously marginalized group begins to exert significant creative and economic control
What is culture?
shared values, standards, and patterns of behavior of a particular group of people
What is pop culture?
Fads and fashions that dominate mainstream media for a limited time
What is enculturation?
The process by which we learn our own culture
What is a legitimate actor?
A live performance, room for mistakes, gain feedback
Verfremdungseffekt
"alienation", aesthetic distance, making the familiar strange
Who is Bert Williams?
First Black American to perform lead role on broadway

(the Ziegfeld Follies)
Who is George Walker?
(of Williams && Walker) important black manager
WILLIAMS && WALKER
arguably one of the most succesful vaudeville teams, wrote and produced several productions
Aida Overton Walker
choreographed "The Cakewalk"
"In Dahomey"
First full-length black musical comedy
Music by Will Marion Cook
lyrics by Paul Lawrence Dunbar and Alex Rogers
King Shotaway
1823, First play on record to be written and produced by black author
Raisin in the Sun
First production by black female author
LORT
League of Resident Theatre
LORT Key Points:
-black artists must support small, struggling black theatre
-lort gets important grant $ thru diversity initiatives
Playwrights' Tasks
-establish purpose of play
-develop play's structure
-create dramatic characters
MIMESIS
imitation of an action
Cause and Effect
something happens that makes something happen (remember Pirates and the Aztec gold that caused the Pirates to come to British city)
Conflict
the opposition of characters or forces

**culturally specific
Formulatic Plot VS Nonformulatic Plot:
Form: specific, recognizable blueprint (ie tragedy, the well-made play)
Non: experimental, avant-garde forms
What does Aristotle believe is the "ideal play"?
Oedipus