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130 Cards in this Set

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Who is Aristotle and what is the main argument of the Poetics?
Greek philosopher, student of Plato; mimesis is a natural occupation of people, characterizes tragedy
Euripides
Author of the Bacchae; Nietzche didn't like his tragedic style
Jocasta
Wife of Oedipus, begs him not to seek the truth of his origins, hangs herself
Tiresias
Blind seer; tries to avoid Oedipus' questions regarding his origins, is the first to disclose that he is the harbinger of the plague; also companion of Cadmus in the Bacchae
Polybus
Oedipus' adoptive father
Shepherd
Rescued baby Oedipus from the mountainside; confirms king's fears of his origins
Creon
Oedipus' brother in law and uncle; does not wish to be king, represents reason
Pentheus
King of Thebes, cousin of Dionysus, killed by his mother Agave
Cadmus
Originator of the royal house of Thebes in The Bacchae; elderly father of Agave and Semele
Semele
Mother of Dionysus, killed by Zeus' appearance as a lightening bolt
The Bacchae
The women of Thebes, made to celebrate the rites of Dionysus under the influence of violent and naturalistic ecstasy
William Finley
Played Dionysus in Dionysus in '69
Richard Schechner
Director of Dionysus in '69, originator of The Performance Group
Antonin Artaud
French theatre theorist responsible for the concept of the Theatre of Cruelty
Friedrich Nietzche
Turn of the century theorist, The Birth of Tragedy, the synthesis of the Apollonian/Dionysian IS tragedy
G. B. Shaw
Wrote Major Barbara; communist British playwright; author of "Ideals and Idealists"
The Fabian Society
Communists, but not revolutionary (believed in gradual social change)
Undershaft
Father of Major Barbara, factory owner with a highly cynical view of human behavior -- by manufacturing arms, he is able to create a utopian society
Steven
Major Barbara's fiance, academe and Greek scholar -- he is the villan of the play, because he is the Idealist who encourages others to seek goals that won't make them happy
Lomax
fiance of Major Barbara's sister; speaks in the most elevated language, but is incapable of intelligent communication; doesn't want to be faced with the ugliness of life
"No More Masterpieces"
Chapter of "The Theater and its Double" by Artaud; the classics are dead, cannot be replicated because they no longer pertain to present society
Henry VIII
1534 establishes himself as head of English Church via Act of Supremacy; bans the cycle dramas
Everyman
Allegorical representation of all human beings who will someday face death
Fellowship
First friend to whom Everyman appeals to accompany him to death; explains that he is only able to share in life's pleasures with Everyman
Kinship
refuses outright to go to death with Everyman
Cousin
has a cramp in his toe, and therefore cannot come with Everyman into death
Goods
laughs at Everyman's expectation that he will be able to bring them into death; explains that they will be more of a hindrance than a help to him there
Good Deeds
(female) initially too weak from neglect to accompany Everyman, is strengthened by Confessional and ascends with Everyman to heaven
Knowledge
accompanies Everyman all the way to the grave, but is left behind when Everyman's soul leaves his body
Beauty, 5 wits, discretion
summoned by Knowledge and Good Deeds, run away when they hear that they are going to the grave
Confession
represents the ORDER of the priesthood, strengthens Everyman's good deeds
Doctor
recites the Everyman epilogue, represents the scholar; conveys the moral
Kenneth Burke
author of "Identification" - promotes concept of Consubstantiality
Head of the 12
leaders of the 12 major guilds of York, responsible for electing the mayor
Noah's wife
comedic, argumentative (and often misguided) character
Robert Deveroux
Earl of Essex, tried to unseat the queen after being exiled; he returned before being invited back and allegedly paid off the Lord Chamberlain's Men to put on a production of "Richard II"
Richard Burbage
leading actor of the Lord Chamberlain's men; friend of the Earl of Essex
Marlowe
author of "Dr. Faustus," contemporary playwright of Shakespeare
Edward Alleyn
leading actor of Marlowe's company, originated the role of Faustus, wearing a large wooden cross on his chest; unusually tall
Will Kemp
comedic actor of the King's men ("enter Will Kemp") known for playing Peter, Falstaff and Bottom
Mephistopheles
"Why this is hell, nor am I out of it"
Helen
appears to Dr. Faustus at the end of the play; it is upon seeing her that he becomes closest to being glutted
Henslow
diarist who keeps records of expenses of Marlowe's company
Bowdler
Made Shakespeare a Disney Channel Original Movie; "Bowdlerized"
William Prynne
acting "unmans, unChristians, unmakes;" compare to Sydney
Robert Greene
deeply critical of Shakespeare; "tiger's heart in a player's hide" wearing "our feathers"
Hemings, Condell & Jaggard
publishes Shakespeare's first folio in 1623
Ben Johnson
famous playwright who publishes his own "Works" in 1616 (falling into print), wrote "Masque of Queens"
Bernardo
guard in Hamlet, "who's there?"
Ronaldo
Polonius' servant, speaks untruths to provoke a response
Polonius
elderly aristocrat, father of Ophelia and Laertes; Hamlet characterizes him through the book he carries
'Swounds
By his wounds
Sydney
poet - art is the sublimation of desire (vs. Prynne's concept of the monstrous theatre)
Tenant vs. Jacoby
2 performances of Hamlet in the late 20th/early 21st centuries
Andrea Palladio
Italian architect, designed Teatro Olimpico of Venice
Pedro Calderón de la Barca
Wrote "Life is a Dream"
Indigo Jones
theatrical designer for "Masque of Queens," among other masques; collaborated with Ben Johnson
James I
ruling absolute monarch of England, in power when the "Masque of Queens" was written
Charles I
son of James I, absolute monarch who refused to call parliament, was executed by parliament and succeeded by Cromwell
Commonwealth of England
bans theatrical production
Charles II
son of Charles I, reinstated in 1660, reinstates theatre performance
Turner
author of "Social Dramas," anthropologist who characterized dramas as undergoing breach, crisis, redress, and either reintegration or schism; social drama and stage drama feed into each-other in an infinite loop
Chariot & pole
drives scenes back and forth on poles
Vincenzo Scamozzi
finished Andrea Palladio's work on the Teatro Olimpico
Ferdinand & Isabella (the Catholic kings)
initiate the Spanish Golden age
Herod
characterized as in a constant state of rage in cycle dramas
Divine Narcissus
Sor Juana submits this play to a contest in Spain for a religious drama ("Autos sacrimentales") about colonialism
Phillip IV of Spain
builds Palacio del Buen Retiro modeled on Teatro Olympico
Sor Juana Inéz de la Cruz
Daughter of a Spaniard and a Mexican, was a nun who wrote plays, poetry, letters; woman of words; all of her books were burned
Hotel de Bourgogne
built in 1548 in France, indoor building, modeled off of an indoor tennis court
Louis XIV
The Sun King, under his rule, theatre becomes extraordinary
Palais Cardinal
built in 1641, King and Wueen sit alon in chairs downstage, 2 galleries along the sides; proscenium structure
Salle de Machine
constructed under Louis XIV as a room for ballet performance -- contained machinery to raise and lower
Jean Baptise Moliere
author of "Tartuffe," considered a patron of French comedic theatre
Scenarii
Italian improvised scenes, based upon a set of stock characters
Ammorato
young lovers of scenarii
Pantalone
comical old man of scenarii
Dottore
comical, stupid doctor of scenarii
Arlecchino
Harlequin character, wore motley because he was poor in scenarii
Pierre Corneille
playwright of "Le Cid," neoclassical theatric icon
William Dryden
rewrites "The Tempest" in the 19th c. as a musical ballet
Cardinal Richelieu
patron of the Palais Cardinal, built in 1641 as a result of cardinal's desire to control the practice of arts/sciences
"Le Cid"
Georges de Scudery argued that this play by Corneille was unrealistic, appealed to Cardinal who sided with Scudery
Jean Racine
known for tragedy, applied Greek drama to uphold set structures of French theatre; the three unities
Northrop Frye
wrote "The Argument of Comedy" in the early 1950s that comedy has 1 argument, 1 plot that is derived from ritual: the reknitting of society and rebirth in spring; can be represented by different social classes
Gilbert Murray
famous classicist from turn of 20th century upon whom Steven is based
Orgon
protagonist of "Tartuffe" develops from a soppy, enamored old man into a disillusioned and sober figure; W. describes him as having a single animating character principle
Tartuffe
when he enters Molliere's play, his performance has already been accepted
Elmire
wife of Orgon, seduced by Tartuffe
Sir William Davenant
claims to be illegit. child of Shakespeare, head of Duke's co., 1 on 2 sharers to receive patent from Charles II
Betterton
under this actor, the King's Co. and the Duke's Co. merge into the United Co., featuring actress Anne Bracegirdle
Christopher Wren
designs Theatre Rural Drury Lane; pit is series of flat, backless benches
John Dryden
(1631-1700) poet laureate, wrote original tragedies and tragicomedies, spectacular dimension introduced by scenery
Thomas Otway
playwright for those of Neoclassical tastes, write "Venice Preserved" (tragedy)
William Wycherly
comic playwright, wrote "The Country Wife"
Sir George Etherege
originator of "fop" character, "The Man of Mode," "stop my vitals"
William Congreve
interested in how plays will look on the page (Restoration), gives play in the book its modern shape
Nell Gwynn
actress, mistress of King Charles II, considered the "flirt" to Bracegirdle's "wit"
Thomas Betterton
star of english stage, ugly but elegant and graceful; gesture in this period is formalized (think Hamlet & skull)
Charles Macklin
humanized Shylock
David Garrick
believed that the role of the actor was as a public figure
Aphra Behn
author of "The Rover," famous in her time and rediscovered in the 1970s
Edie Sedgwick
author of "Between Men," Gender and sexuality act like ideology by confirming certain kinds of social relations
Cavaliers
supporters of Charles who were in Italy in exile during the Commonwealth
Cits
not aristocrats, but upper-middle class tradespeople wealthy enough to attend the theatre
Don Pedro
Spanish brother of Florinda, in love with Angelica
Belvile
the only decent Englishman of the Cavaliers, in love with Florinda
Hellena
friend of Florinda, flirtatious and manipulative; marries Wilmore
Willmore
the Rover, promiscuous; falls in love with every woman he sees
Angelica
prostitute of "The Rover" who advertises with a poster of herself; ruins her campaign by falling for Willmore
Antonio
Pedro wants Florinda to marry this Italian aristocrat
Blunt
stupid Englishman who tries to ravish many women
Restoration
the period beginning with the reinstatement of Charles II to the English throne, extending to end of 17th century
Conquest of Granada
1492, the Catholic monarchs expel the Moors and the Jews from Spain.
Academe Francaise
chartered in 1637 by Cardinal Richelieu to bring sciences and arts under gov. control
Comedie Francaise
new version of Moliere's company, patronized by the King and featuring Mademoiselle Champmesle
Raked stage
where downstage upstage terminology comes from
Sociéteres
12 main actors of the Comedie Francaise; new members could be recruited only after retirement of old members
William Davenant & Thomas Killigrew
received patent from Charles II to reopen the King's Co.
Patent theatres/Theatres royal
held the patent of the king of England
proscenium
stage with a large, arched frame surrounding it
auto sacramentale
allegorical religious dramas in Spain (although Sor Juana writes one)
Corral
public theatre of the Spanish Golden Age
Comedy of Manners
contemporary Restoration dramas in which witty aristocrats, city dupes and dandies and dull country gentlemen are engaged in an adventure of sexual intrigue
Basil
King of Poland in Life is a Dream, father of Segismund
Segismund
Prince of Poland; his father hears a prophecy that his son will become a bloody tyrant, so he is imprisoned for the majority of his young life
Clarion
comical servant in Life is a Dream
Rosaura
a lady of the Polish court, is desired by Segismund
Stella
Princess, engaged to Astolfo
Clotaldo
old man who guards Segismund for the majority of his life