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53 Cards in this Set

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Acquired Immunity
Formation of antibodies and lymphocytes after exposure to an antigen
adenoids
masses of lymph tissue in the nasopharynx
antibody
protein produced by lymphocytes that destroys antigens
immune response
the bodys capacity to resist all types of organisms and toxins that can damage tissue and organs: immunity
interferons
antiviral proteins secreted by T cells; stimulate macrophages to ingest bacteria
Lymph
thin watery fluid found within lymphatic vessels and collected from tissues throughout the body.
lymph node
stationary lymph tissue along lymph vessels
natural immunity
a persons own genetic ability to fight off disease
right lymphatic duct
large lymph vessel in the chest that receives lymph from the upper right part of the body
spleen
organ near the stomach that produces, stores, and eliminates blood cells
thoracic duct
large lymph vessel in the chest that receives lymph from below the diaphragm and from the left side of the body above the diaphragm; empties lymph into veins in the upper chest
toxin
poison; a protein produced by certain bacteria, animals, or plants
vaccination
introduction of altered antigens to produce an immune response and protection against disease.
Syndrome associated with suppression of the immune system and marked by opportunistic infections, secondary neoplasms, and nuerological problems
AIDS (Aquired immunodeficiency syndrome)
abnormal hypersensitivity acquired by exposure to an antigen
allergy
malignant tumor of the thymus gland
thymoma
malignant tumor of the lymph nodes and lymph tissue
lymphoma
acetabulum
rounded depression or socket in the pelvis which joins the femur forming the hip joint
bone
dense hard connective tissue composing the skeleton
calcium
one of the mineral constituents of bone
collagen
dense connective tissue strands found in bone
condyle
knuckle-like process at the end of a bone near the joint
disk
flat round platelike structure
fissure
narrow slit-like opening in or between bones
fossa
shallow cavity in a bone
sella turcica
depression in the sphenoid bone where the pituary gland is located
sinus
hollow cavity within a bone
suture
joint between bones such as skull
tubercle
rounded process on bone; attatchment site for muscle and tendons
vertebra
an individual backbone composed of the vertebral body, vertebral arch, spinous process, transverse process, lamina, and nueral canal
Malignant bone tumor
ewing sarcoma
traumatic breaking of a bone
fracture
decrease in bone density' thinning and weakening of bone
osteoporosis
congenital abnormality of the hindfoot
talipes
bursa
sac of fluid near a joint; promotes smooth sliding of one tissue against another
ligament
connective tissue binding bones to other bones; supports, stregthens, and stabalizes the joint
tendon
connective tissue that binds muscles to bones
inflammation of the joints
arthritis
chronic disease in which joints become inflammed and painful
rheumatoid arthritis
compression of the median nerve as it passes between the ligament and the bones and tendons of the wrist
carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)
displacement of a bone from its joint
dislocation
a fluid-filled cyst arising from the joint capsule or a tendon in the wrist
ganglion
trauma to a joint with pain, swelling, and injury to ligaments
sprain
chronic imflammatory disease involving joints, skin, kidneys, nervous system, heart, and lungs
systemic lupus erythematosus
abduction
movement away from the midline of the body
adduction
movement toward the midline of the body
extension
straightening of a flexed limb
flexion
bending at a joint
surgical repair of a joint
arthroplasty
visual examination of the inside of a joint with an endoscope
arthroscopy
low-energy x-rays are taken of bones in the spinal column, pelvis, and wrist
bone density test
uptake of a radioactive substance is measured in bone
bone scan
removal of muscle tissue for microscopic examination
muscle biopsy