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68 Cards in this Set

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Dingy
dirty, discolored 暗黑的, 邋遢的 /ˈdɪndʒi/




Antonyms: bright, clean, immaculate, neat, pure, spotless
It was a dingy metal rowboat with an outboard engine, operated by a young man seated in the back of the boat. http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?dingy001.wav=dingy
Translucent
clear, transparent 半透明的, 清澈的, 透明的, 清楚易懂的 /trænzˈluːsnt/




Definition: clear
Antonyms: blocked, cloudy, opaque
Delighted, she scurried toward the translucent water, which was a beautiful shade of turquoise. http://www.m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?transl17.wav=translucent
ostracize
to exclude from a group by common consent 贝壳流放, 排斥, 放逐 /ˈɒstrəsaɪz $ ˈɑː-/

Definition: exile, banish
Antonyms: accept, embrace, welcome
She had the distinct sense of feeling ostracized by their direct gaze. Definition: exile, banish Antonyms: accept, embrace, welcome http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?ostrac02.wav=ostracize
Consign
commit, especially to a final destination or fate 交付, 委托, 分配, 同意, 让步 / kənˈsaɪn /




Definition: entrust, hand over for care
Antonyms: hold, keep, receive, retain
Alexa consigned herself to write to Laurie diligently. http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?consig04.wav=consign
austere
stern and cold in appearance or manner 严峻的, 简朴的 / ɔːˈstɪə, ɒ- $ ɒːˈstɪr /


Definition: grim, barren
Antonyms: extravagant, luxurious
All of the buildings were made of the same gray material, Alexa noticed. An absence of any kind of landscaping added to the austere tone of the compound. http://www.m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?auster01.wav=austere
Interlocutor
someone who takes part in a dialogue or conversation, often formally or officially 对话者, 对谈者 / ˌɪntəˈlɒkjtə $ ˌɪntərˈlɑːkjtər /
Their guide was eager to converse with them but he spoke only
Spanish, and both Alexa and Helen were too rusty in Spanish to be active
interlocutors, so they continued their journey in silence. word origin: Latin interloqui to speak between, issue an interlocutory decree, from inter- + loqui to speak
http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?interl16.wav=interlocutor
rapport
Relationship, especially one of mutual trust or emotional affinity, 关系, 一致, 同意, 和谐 / ræˈpɔː $ -ɔːr /




Definition: understanding between people
Antonyms: coldness, unfriendliness
Alexa was always amazed to see the special rapport her mother had with the dolphins that she studied. origin: from Old French raporter to bring back, from re- + aporter to bring, http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?rappor01.wav=rapport
Persevere
to persist in a state, enterprise, or undertaking in spite of challenges v. intr. - 坚持不懈, 固执己见, 不屈不挠 / ˌpɜːsˈvɪə $ ˌpɜːrsˈvɪr / [intransitive]

Idioms: hang in there, keep going, keep it up.

Definition: keep at; work hard
Antonyms: be lazy, give up, idle, leave, quit, stop
Even when she faced imminent failure, Laurie persevered with her positive attitude. http://www.m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?persev04.wav=persevere
Abhor
To regard with horror or loathing; detest
憎恶, 痛恨 / əbˈhɔː $ əbˈhɔːr, æb- /

Definition: regard with contempt or disgust
Antonyms: admire, adore, approve, cherish, desire, enjoy, like, love, relish
“The problem with Establishment Republicans is they abhor the unseemliness of a political brawl” (Patrick J. Buchanan). http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?abhor001.wav=abhor http://www.clivebarker.info/iabhorher.jpg
abscond
To leave quickly and secretly and hide oneself, often to avoid arrest or prosecution.

潜逃, 逃亡, 避债 / əbˈskɒnd, æb- $ æbˈskɑːnd /




Definition: leave confinement or threat, run away
Antonyms: abide, continue, endure, give up, remain, stay, stop, yield
mollify
to soothe
guileless
frank, honestly, free of guile; artless
animosty
hate
aplomb
Self-confident assurance
impede
To retard or obstruct the progress of, 妨碍, 阻碍, 阻止
"Idioms: get in the way of. Definition: obstruct, hinder
mesmerize
1. To spellbind; enthrall:
2. To hypnotize.
“He could mesmerize an audience by the sheer force of his presence” (Justin Kaplan). http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?mesme02m.wav=mesmerize
torpid
lacking in energy or vigor 麻痹的, 迟缓的
  
  Definition: lazy, slow
  Antonyms: active, energetic, lively, moving, quick
A few of the dolphins looked to be doing nothing at all—they appeared torpid as they floated motionless near the surface. -- From The Marion Mission http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?torpid01.wav=torpid
ameliorate
 (ə-mēl'yə-rāt')  
  v: to make better; to improve
  
  Definition: make, become better
  Antonyms: worsen
  
  v. tr. - 改善, 变好, 改良

  
  If a person has been diagnosed with the Narcissistic Personality Disorder,
  therapy, in most cases, can only mitigate and ameliorate his condition. http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?amelio01.wav=ameliorate
abrogate
(ăb'rə-gāt') [pron.]

To abolish, do away with, or annul, especially by authority

Definition: formally put an end to
Antonyms: approve, establish, fix, institute, legalize, ratify, sanction, support

v. tr. - 取消, 废除

Examples

To abrogate a treaty is to repeal it.You can also abrogate a law, an agreement

No government descended from the revolutionary republic of the United States has the power to abrogate these rights, or impinge on them. http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?abroga01.wav=abrogate
Gourmand
one who is heartily interested in good food and drink 饕餮者, 美食者
Helen, who was a true gourmand, picked fussily at her salad, looking
as if she didn’t want to eat at all. http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?gourma01.wav=gourmand
Lull
quiet period, something that lulls; especially : LULLAB
There was a lull in the conversation. http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?lull0001.wav=lull
maxim
a saying of a proverbial nature 格言, 座右铭
“Oh, Alexa, don’t judge a book by its cover,” Helen repeated the
well-known maxim.
Feign
To represent falsely; pretend to装作, 假装, 捏造
“Oh, it wasn’t that difficult.” Alexa feigned a smile.
toady
one who flatters in hope of gaining favors
She had always thought that her mother was not the
type to like someone who behaved like a toady,32 but here she was enjoying
the abundant flattery of Dr. Villeponce.
Botched
to foul up hopelessly; failed, spoiled
Janine smiled warmly at Alexa and continued her speech. “All successful
scientists have a large number of botched experiments under their
belts. The thing that makes them successful is that they use their minds
to figure out what they need to fix and they keep trying."
Wrath
Wrath: strong vengeful anger or indignation
There was an awkward silence as José faced the wrath9 of the guard
without a response.
Rectify
to set right; remedy, correct
“I do apologize, Miss Brandt.” Mr. Jamison immediately tried to rectify
the situation. “Sorry to have interrupted,” he added, hastily departing.
Ascetic
Ascetic: plain, stark, simple; austere in appearance, manner, or attitude [not to be confused with
aesthetic, which means pleasing in appearance or effect; beauty] 苦己的, 苦行的, 修道的 http://www.webster.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?asceti01.wav=ascetic
The recreation room at Puerto Marino was exceedingly simple,
almost ascetic1 in its décor. It was as if aesthetic concerns had been
set aside.
Aesthetic
a pleasing appearance or effect; beauty 美学的, 艺术的, 美的, 审美的http://www.webster.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?aesthe02.wav=aesthetic
Or maybe he was just indifferent32 to the aesthetics33 of
his surroundings.
Ecstatic
of, relating to, or marked by ecstasy (a state of overwhelming emotion, especially rapturous
delight) ek-'sta-tik, ik-'sta- http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?ecstat01.wav=ecstatic Ecstasy
When Alexa told him
she wanted to determine the relationship between two dolphins by analyzing
their DNA, he was ecstatic6 that she had taken an interest in molecular
biology. To help feed her curiosity,he faxed several papers to her that
described how to compare two DNA samples and determine if they are
related.
scurry
To go with light running steps; scamper. short for hurry-scurry, reduplication of hurry
v. intr. - 急赶, 急转, 急跑
n. - 急赶, 急转, 急跑 http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?scurry01.wav=scurry
Delighted, she scurried toward the translucent water, which was
a beautiful shade of turquoise.
rummage
To search thoroughly by handling, turning over, or disarranging the contents of 在...里翻找, 翻找出, 搜查出, 仔细搜查 http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?rummag01.wav=rummage
He rummaged through his backpack instead of starting the motor, like usual.
Nemesis
An opponent that cannot be beaten or overcome http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?nemesi01.wav=nemesis
Inception
an act, process, or instance of beginning 起初
The article quoted Tom
LaPuzza, the man who had run the Navy¡¯s Marine Mammal Program since its inception in 1960.
Fallacious
Fallacious: untrue; tending to deceive or mislead 谬误的http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?fallac01.wav=fallacious
Some of these articles had to be fallacious.
Serendipitously
Serendipitously: obtained by serendipity (the faculty of finding valuable or agreeable things
accidentally) http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?serend01.wav=serendipitous
It was a spectacularly beautiful cove that she had discovered serendipitously
Condone
to pardon or overlook voluntarily; especially to treat as if trivial, harmless, or of no importance 宽恕, 赦免Definition: make allowance for

Antonyms: censure, condemn, forbid, not allow, prevent
Charlotte, who openly condoned the use of dolphins in the military, was a lightning rod for his
pent-up anger.
Emend
to correct 修订, 校勘 Definition: correct
Antonyms: make mistake, worsen http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?emend001.wav=emend
“That would be great,” Alexa replied, feeling relieved that José was going to emend14 the situation. -- The Marino Mission
kayak
a type of light boat, usually for one person, that is moved using a paddle


http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?kayak001.wav=kayak
Surmise
a thought or idea based on scanty evidence 推测, 猜测, 臆测

Definition: come to a conclusion
Antonyms: question, wonder

http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?surmis02.wav=surmise
Probably tomorrow would be the best time to split this culture
into two dishes, she surmised.
auspicious
affording a favorable auspice (a favorable sign)

Definition: encouraging; favorable 吉兆的, 兴盛的, 吉利的, 幸运的
Antonyms: inauspicious, inopportune, ominous, unfortunate, unhappy, unlucky

http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?auspic03.wav=auspicious
Saturday morning dawned sunny and bright, an auspicious beginning
to the day that Alexa and José had been anticipating with a
mixture of trepidation and excitement.
Relish
a strong liking

Definition: look forward to; appreciate
Antonyms: dislike, hate 喜愛, 愛好, 欣賞 http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?relish01.wav=relish
In fact, she relished7
the thought of being able to show him DNA for the first time.
Gaffe
a social or diplomatic blunder; 过失, 失态, 出丑 Definition: mistake, goof
Antonyms: correction; http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?gaffe001.wav=gaffe
By contrast, he was so gracious about her gaffe
Prowess
extraordinary ability; 英勇, 超凡技术, 勇敢

Definition: ability, skill
Antonyms: inability, ineptitude, weakness; http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?prowes01.wav=prowess
All morning, she had been feeling like
a consummate21 scientist, unraveling a mystery with her partner, who
revered her prowess22 in the laboratory.
Obtuse
lacking sharpness or quickness of sensibility or intellect;
钝的, 圆头的, 不尖的
Definition: blunt, not sharp
Antonyms: pointed, sharp

http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?obtuse01.wav=obtuse


http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?obtuse01.wav=obtuse
But now, she realized
they probably could have gotten enough DNA just from the cheek swab
itself. How could I have been so obtuse, Alexa chided herself.
Concur
to express agreement 意见相同, 互助, 一致
Definition: agree, approve
Antonyms: argue, differ, disagree, disapprove, dispute, object, oppose, reject
I was so happy to get your e-mail this morning! I am glad to hear you like your job at CNN and I concur, you would make an excellent anchorwoman!
Derelict
abandoned, especially by the owner or occupant; run-down Definition: careless, negligent
Antonyms: careful, caring 被抛弃了的, 玩忽职守的, 无主的, 遗弃物
http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?dereli01.wav=derelict
The restaurant looked derelict from the outside.
Sleuth
detective 警犬, 侦探, 当侦探, 做侦探
http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?sleuth01.wav=sleuth
“OK, so right here are the bands from Pecas and here are the bands
from Coco,” Alexa pointed, feeling like a molecular sleuth.
Culpable
guilty; meriting condemnation or blame, especially as wrong or harmful http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?culpab01.wav=culpable
She didn’t want her mother to
be culpable for her actions.
Perfidious
disloyal or faithless

Definition: treacherous
Antonyms: faithful, loyal

http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?perfid01.wav=perfidious
Here she was rummaging
through her mother’s wallet, realizing that she was indeed perfidious.
Volition
an act of making a choice or decision

意志, 决心, 意志力
idioms:

* of one's own volition 自愿

<a herf="http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?voliti01.wav=volition">pron.</a>
She wanted to
take part in it of her own volition.
Volition
Volition: an act of making a choice or decision

意志, 决心, 意志力

idioms:

* of one's own volition 自愿

http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?voliti01.wav=volition
She wanted to
take part in it of her own volition.
accentuate
accent, emphasize

Definition: focus attention on
Antonyms: divert attention from, mask
强调, 以重音念, 重读

http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?accent05.wav=accentuate
The quiet atmosphere in the compound
only seemed to accentuate the noises emanating from the jungle.
Emanate
to come out from a source

Definition: come forth; give off
Antonyms: take, withdraw

散发, 产生, 放射, 发源, 发出

http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?emanat01.wav=emanate
The quiet atmosphere in the compound
only seemed to accentuate the noises emanating from the jungle.
Intrepid
characterized by resolute fearlessness, fortitude, and endurance;

Definition: brave, nervy
Antonyms: cowardly, fearful, meek, timid; 无畏的, 豪勇的, 勇猛的

http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?intrep01.wav=intrepid
José didn’t appear to have any
fear at all—he was intrepid in the face of the challenges before them.
capacious
containing or capable of containing a great deal;

Definition: ample, extensive
Antonyms: cramped, small, squeezed, tiny; 容积大的, 宽敞的, 广阔的; http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?capaci01.wav=capacious
The dim lighting was sufficient
to see the extent of the capacious facility
inarticulate
incapable of speech, especially under stress of emotion; incapable of speech, especially under stress of emotion; 口齿不清的, 不善于表达的, 说话不连贯的; http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?inarti02.wav=inarticulate
But the panorama
before them had rendered him inarticulate.
Euphoric
a feeling of well-being or elation / juːˈfɒrɪk $ jʊˈfɔːrɪk, -ˈfɑː- /




http://www.m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?euphor03.wav=euphoric
Alexa felt euphoric at the sight of this momentous event.
Unprecedented
having no precedent (previous example); novel
It’s really
unprecedented6 here—you know how they are about security.
deplorable
deserving censure or contempt, very bad, unpleasant, and shocking; 可叹的, 凄惨的, 悲惨的 / dɪˈplɔːrəbl / http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?deplor01.wav=deplorable




Definition: unfortunate, shameful
Antonyms: cheerful, delightful, excellent, good, happy, shameless
She could see from the look on her face
that Charlotte thought that what they’d done was deplorable.
chide
To scold mildly so as to correct or improve; 责备, 责骂, 责怪 http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?chide001.wav=chide

Definition: criticize, lecture
Antonyms: compliment, laud, praise
She chided herself for being so imperceptive.
Levy
to impose or collect by legal authority; 征收, 征集, 强索, 扣押;

Definition: assess, impose
Antonyms: disapprove, veto

http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?levy0001.wav=levy
Inevitably, there would be grave charges levied against her and José.
fathom
1. To penetrate to the meaning or nature of; comprehend.
2. To determine the depth of; sound.

测量深度, 彻底了解, 看穿

Definition: discern, understand
Antonyms: misunderstand, not get
Before she could even fathom
how to begin explaining the whole story, they arrived at their destination.
nebulous
indistinct, vague, 星云的, 朦胧的, 星云状的 http://www.m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?nebulo02.wav=nebulous

Definition: confused, obscure
Antonyms: apparent, definite, obvious, plain
While she had always known her stay there was transient, it
always seemed like her departure was far off in the nebulous future.
temperate
marked by moderation, not extreme or excessive; mild

http://www.m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?temper10.wav=temperate
Today was her last day in this
beautiful place, and the temperate ocean breeze was suffused with a
melancholy aura.
confounding
baffling, frustrating

Confound
使混淆, 挫败, 使狼狈, 该死, 讨厌

Definition: confuse
Antonyms: clarify, clear up, enlighten, explain, make clear, relate
The fact that he didn’t have a phone was utterly confounding.
braggart
a loud, arrogant boaster 吹牛的人, 吹牛的, 自夸的 http://www.m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?bragga02.wav=braggart
He was not a braggart.
mundane
Of, relating to, or typical of this world; secular. 现世的, 宇宙的, 世俗的 http://www.m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?mundan01.wav=mundane
The mundane rhetoric and passive demeanor of the mayoral
candidate...