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20 Cards in this Set

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Calls that have a high potential for causing excess stress on EMS providers include:


multiple-casualty incidents.

calls involving infants and children.

calls involving abuse and neglect.

all of the above.
all of the above
If you are experiencing the signs and symptoms of stress, lifestyle changes that may help include:

increasing caffeine intake.

deep-breathing exercises and meditation.

working extra shifts when possible.

decreasing carbohydrate intake.
deep-breathing exercises and meditation.
A process in which trained peer counselors and mental health professionals meets with rescuers who have been involved in a major incident is a:

critical incident stress debriefing.

defusing session.

rest and relaxation session.

professional referral.
critical incident stress debriefing.
When a dying patient mourns things not accomplished or dreams that won't come true, he is said to be in the:

depression stage.

acceptance stage.

bargaining stage.

denial stage.
depression stage.
When dealing with the patient and family confronted with death or dying, you should:

avoid talking directly to the patient.

discourage the patient from sharing feelings and needs.

assure the patient that "Everything will be OK."

be tolerant of angry reactions.
be tolerant of angry reactions.
A form of infection control based on the presumption that all body fluids are infectious is called:

decontamination.

body substance isolation.

personal protective equipment.

pathogen protection.
body substance isolation.
Your first priority as an EMT-Basic when called to a scene involving violence is:

subduing the violent person.

removing weapons from the scene.

making certain the scene is safe before entering.

immediate care of the patient.
making certain the scene is safe before entering
Eye protection should be worn:

on all calls.

only when a patient has a confirmed disease.

only with arterial bleeding.

when fluids may spray or splatter.
when fluids may spray or splatter.
The appropriate respiratory protection to be worn when tuberculosis is suspected in a patient is a(n):

surgical mask.

N95 or HEPA respirator.

self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).

none of the above.
N95 or HEPA respirator.
A critical incident stress debriefing is usually held within _____ hours of a critical incident.

1-2

12-18

24-72

72-96
24-72
A pathogen is:

a disease-causing organism.

an alternative to latex gloves.

the virus which causes AIDS.

a disease transmitted by blood only.
a disease-causing organism.
At a hazardous materials incident, an EMT-B should provide basic emergency care only after the patient has been:

cleared by law enforcement on scene.

stripped of all outer clothing.

moved to a safe place.

Decontaminated.
Decontaminated.
Using a(n) _______________-based cleaner is an acceptable method for washing your hands when traditional soap and water are not available.

alcohol

lye

bleach

water
alcohol
Which of the following accurately identifies the three stages of stress?

alarm, retaliate, and exhaustion

alarm, resistance, and flight

alarm, resistance, and exhaustion

fright, resistance, and exhaustion
alarm, resistance, and flight
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder" (PTSD) is a form of what type of stress reaction?

cumulative

delayed

acute

chronic
delayed
Generally, stress only affects new EMT-Basics who are emotionally less mature than their more experienced coworkers.

True
False
False
In the depression stage of dying, the patient may become silent, distant, sad, and despairing about things left undone.

True
False
True
The warning signs of stress include irritability with family, friends, and coworkers; difficulty sleeping; and anxiety.

True
False
True
A "defusing session" is held a week after a critical incident to help resolve any lingering problems.

True
False
False
Training to handle special rescue situations, such as hazardous materials spills, is part of the EMT-B curriculum.

True
False
False