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66 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
one of the reasons populism failed is tghat its constitutents were mostly poor farmers whose daily struggle to make a living made political activity difficult. Progressivess were a urban, middle class movement
Progressive associations
nataional WOmans suffrage associat
american Bar Association
helped progresives (called that by THeodore Roosevelt)
Lincoln Steffen
wrote "The same of the cities" about urban corruption
Ida Tarbell
History of Standard Oil - progressivism
Upton Sinclair
The Jungle (meatpacking industry)
W.E.B. Du Bois
headed National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
MArgaret Sanger
early proponent of the feminist movement
Nineteenth amendment
1920 women win right to vote
Robert La Follette
Wisconsin governor led the way for many progressive state leaders.
the ballot initiattive
through which the voters could propose new laws
which allowed the public to vote on new laws
recall election
which gave voters the power to remove officials from office before their terms expired.
Theodore Roosevelt
most prominent progresive leader. he was the first to successfully use the Sherman Antitrust ACt against mono[plies earned nick name "trustbuster"
William Howard Talf
president after Roosevelt, spearheaded the drive for two constitutional amendments. pursured monopolies
Woodrow WIlson
also a progressive, created the Federal Trade Commission, lobbied for and enforced the Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914 and created the Federal Reserve (gave gov greater control over nation's finances)
WWI effect on Progressivism
ended progressivism. people were tired of war, let go of moral crusade. ALso, progressives had been split over War.
Platt AMendment
part of the Roosevelt administation, strong-armed Cuba into American semicontrol
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
Basically Roosevelt justified interventionalism with the Monroe Doctrine
Woodrow WIlson
won election in 1912. when war broke out in 1914- he declared neutrality
German submarines snak the passsenger ship Lusitania in 1915 (Killing 1,200 passengers). result of german U-Boats harrasing American merchant ships
be ready for WWI cause the germans are pushing our buttons
Zimmerman Telegram
german telegram intercepted telling mexicans and japs to attack US
War Industry Board
WWI- created to coordinate all facets of industrial and agricultural production, sought to guarantee that not only the United States but also the rest of the Allies would be well-supplied
Espionage ACt
essentially made it illegal to try to convince someone to dodge the military draft.
Sedition ACct
made it illegal to try to prevent the sale of war bonds or to speak disparagingly of the government
Federal Bureau of Investigation
created to prevent radicals from taking over
J Edgar Hoover
headed FBI (and continued to run it until the 1970s)
Business in WWI
business gained power, unions lost itp
Palmer Raids
early 1920, government raied Union houses to arrested possible radicals: Communism
The Committe on Public INformation
WWI wartime propoganda arm: made germans look terrible at every corner
Wartime and WOmen
more opportunities for women
Wartime and Blacks
moved north for industrial jobs
Fourteen points
Wilson's fourteen points plan called for free trade through lower tariffs and freedom of the seas, a reduction of arms supplies on both sides, the end of colonialism- called League of Nations
League of Nations
allies wanted to punish germans, Wilson wanted a new era. Senate rejected it. america was going back to isolationism
after the war- expansionism?
no, receeded to isolationism
after the war- busieness and government
busi got a lot of support from gov- reform had ended, plus, busi like deparment stores and automobiles were being more cooperative and convient and cheap
Warren Harding, Calcin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover
all 20s, all pro business
Teapot Dome Scandal
Harding had a tough presidenciy cause of corrupt advisors. best exemplified by this scnadal, when his secretary of interiior was bribed to drill on public lands.
Welfare Capitolism
to compete with unions, companies gave their workers pension plans, a share in profits and had parties to promote community
advertisting industry
grew up in the 1920s for the sake of all the new products
F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Eugene O'Neill
1920s writers/playwright- LOST GENERATION- moved to Europe
Lost Generation
writers that moved to Europe from 1920s
Sacco and Vabzetti
their case best represented the reaction to rapid cultural modernization
The Emergency Quota ACt of 1924
set immigataion quotas by pre-1890 standards, when immigration from southern and eastern Europe was relatively low. (represented conservarive backlash to modernization)
John Thomas SCopes
teacher who taught evolution (was agaisnt the law)
Eighteenth Amendment
outlawed drinking
"on margin"
great crash of the market- Taders had been allowed to buy on margin, which allowed them to borrow agaisnt future profits that may or may not materialize.
Farmer's Holiday Association
organized demonstrations and threatened a nationwide walkout by famers in order to raise prices
Hawley-Smoot Tariff
Hoover thought tariffs would help the American economy, but it only hurt because it resulted in a lower export rate.
Bonus Expeditionary Force
millions of verterans came to ask hoover for their benefits....they marched....hoover kicked them out of washington, killing 100 and pretty much ending his chances at re-election
First Hundred Days
first hundred days of Roosevelt's New Deal
The Emergency Banking Relief Bill
put poorly managed banks under the control of the Treasury Department and granted government licenses to those that were solvent.
fireside chats
Roosevelt snuggles up with american family on raidio chats about new deal
Banking Act of 1933
created the Federal Deposit INsurance Coporation to guarantee bank deposits
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
created to guarantee bank deposits
Second New Deal
after the courts started attacking his New Deal, and so did conservative and left critics, Roosevelt introducted Second New Deal
Works Progress Administration
part of Second New deal, employed writers, photographers and otheer artists to create trabel guides and to record local and personal histories.
Second Hundred Days
the summer of 1935 were Roosevelts second hundred days

created new coalition, swept Roosevelt back into office
Judicial reorganization bill
roosevelt wanted to "be allowed to name a new federal judge for every sitting judge who had reached the age of 70 and had not retired; if passsed, if would have allowed Roosevelt to add six new Sumpremee Court justices and more than 40 other ferderal judges.

got a lot of criticism, failed
Washington Conference
(1921-1922) gathered eitght of the world's great powers; the rsulting treaty set limits on stockpiling araments and reaffirmed the Open Door policy toward China.
Kellogg-Briand PAct
in 1928, 62 nations signed the pact, which condemned warefare.
Good Neighbor Policy
United states tried in the 1920s to back away from its previous interventionist policy and replace it with
big in the 1920s- high tariffs
Nye Commmission
Led by Gerald Nye, the commission's report in 1938 revealed unwholesome activities by Americans arms manufacturers; many had lobbied intensely for entry into World WAr I, others had bribed foreign officials, and still others were currently supplying Fascist governments with weapons.
neautrality acts
Roosevelt pursued isolationist goals through the neutrality acts.
1. the furst beytrakutt axct (1935) prohibited the sale of arms to either belligerent in a war. (roosevelt sidestepped this act in 1937 sale of arms to China by simply refusing to acknowledge that China and Japan were at war.)
2. The second neautrality act banned loans to belligerents
3. later on, repealled first neaturality act so that they could sell to england, france and later russia