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200 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
hablar (Present) (ar verb)
(to be speaking)
hablo
hablas
habla
hablamos
hablan
hablar (imperfect)

(ar verb)
(spoke )
hablaba
hablabas
hablaba
habla'bamos
hablaban
hablar (imperfect)

(ar verb)
(spoke)
hablaba
hablabas
hablaba
habla'bamos
hablaban
aprender (present)

(er verb)
(to learn)
aprendo
aprendes
aprende
aprendemos
aprenden
aprender (imperfect)

(er verb)
(learned)
aprendi'a
aprendi'as
aprendi'a
aprendi'amos
aprendi'an
aprender (preterite)

er verb
learned

aprendi'
aprendiste
aprendio'
aprendimos
aprendieron
vivir (present)

ir verb
(to live)
vivo
vives
vive
vivimos
viven
vivir (imperfect)

ir verb
lived

vivi'a
vivi'as
vivi'a
vivi'amos
vivi'an
vivir (preterite)

ir verb
lived

vivi'
vivi'ste
vivi'o
vivimos
vivieron
pensar (present)

e- ie stem changing verb
(to think)
pienso
piensas
piensa
pensamos
piensan
pensar (imperfect)

ar verb
(thought)
pensaba
pensabas
pensaba
pensa'bamos
pensaban
pensar (preterite)

ar verb
(thought)
pense'
pensaste
penso'
pensamos
pensaron
acostarse (present tense)

ar verb
o- ue stem change
(to go to bed)

me acuesto
te acuestas
se acuesta
nos acostamos
se acuestan
acostarse (imperfect)

ar verb
went to bed
me acostaba
te acostabas
se acostaba
nos acostabamos
se acostaban
acostarse (preterite)

ar verb
went to bed

me acoste'
te acostaste
se acosto'
nos acostamos
se acostaron
pedir (present)

e-i stem change

ir verb
(to ask for)
pido
pides
pide
pidimos
piden
pedir (imperfect)

ir verb
asked for
pedi'a
pedi'as
pedi'a
pediamos
pedi'an
pedir (preterite)

ir verb
asked for

pedi'
pediste
pidio'
pedimos
pidieron
Preterite Endings for AR verbs
e'
aste
o'
amos
ara'n
Imperfect Endings for AR verbs
aba
abas
aba
abamos
aban
Preterite endings for IR / ER verbs
i'
iste
io'
imos
ieron
Imperfect Endings for IR / ER verbs
i'a
i'as
i'a
iamos
i'an
Preterite endings for ER/ IR verbs
i'
iste
io'
imos
ieron
Imperfect Endings for ER / IR verbs
i'a
i'as
i'a
i'amos
i'an
comenzar (present)

e-ie
z-c
(to begin)
comienzo
comienzas
comienza
comenzamos
comienzan
comenzar (imperfect)

ar verb
(began)

comenzaba
comenzabas
comenzaba
comenzabamos
comenzaban
comezar (preterite)

ar verb
(began)

comence'
comenzaste'
comenzo'
comenzamos
comenzaron
conocer (present)

c-zc
(to know)
conozco
conoces
conoce
conocemos
conocen
conocer (imperfect)

er verb
knew
conoci'a
conoci'as
conoci'a
conoci'amos
conoci'an
conocer (preterite)

er verb
(knew)

conoci'
conociste
conoci'o
conocimos
conocieron
leer (present)

er verb
(to read)

leo
lees
lee
leemos
leen
leer (imperfect)

er verb
(to have read)
lei'a
lei'as
lei'a
lei'amos
lei'an
leer (preterite)

er verb
to have read
lei'
lei'ste
leyo'
lei'mos
leyeron
pagar (present)

ar verb
to pay

pago
pagas
paga
pagamos
pagan
pagar (Imperfect)

ar verb
to have paid

pagaba
pagabas
pagaba
pagabamos
pagaban
pagar (Preterite)

ar verb
to have paid

pague'
pagaste
pago'
pagamos
pagaron
seguir (present tense)

e - i
to follow

sigo
sigues
sigue
siguimos
siguen
seguir (imperfect tense)

ir verb
followed

segui'a
segui'as
segui'a
segui'amos
segui'an
seguir (preterite)

ir verb
followed

segui'
seguiste
segui'o
seguiamos
seguieron
andar (preterite)
walked

anduve'
aduviste'
anduvo
anduvimos
aduvieron
dar (present)
to give

doy
das
da
damos
dan
dar (preterite)
gave

di'
diste
dio
dimos
dieron
decir (present)
to say or tell

digo
dices
dice
dicimos
dicen
decir (preterite)
said or told

dije
dijiste
dijo
dijimos
dijieron
estar (present)
to be

estoy
esta's
esta'
estamos
esta'n
estar (preterite)
was

estuve
estuviste
estuvo
estuvimos
estuvieron
Manny compro' un boleto
Manny bought a ticket
Manny lo compro'
Manny bought it

DT (Manny IT he bought)
Manny le compro' un boleto a su esposa
manny bought a ticket for his wife

DT( Manny IT he bought (the ticket) for this wife.
E'l nos recomendo' es'e pelicula
He, to us, he recomended, the movie
El nos la recomendo'
he recommended it to us

DT (He, to us, it he recommended.
Comparative Statements

MORE THAN/ LESS THAN

apples are more nutritous than oranges
mas/menos + adjective/noun/adverb + que

las manzanas son más nutritivas que naranjas
Elena tiene MENOS hambre QUE matilda
Elana has less hunger than matilda
Lorena estudia MAS QUE Roberto
Lorena studies MORE THAN Roberto
Comparative Statements

Better than / Worse than

Older than / Younger than
Mejor = better Peor = worse

menor = younger mayor = older
El tiepmo en Spain es mejor que en maricabo
The weather in spain is BETTER THAN in
Maricabo.
Lorena y Roberto SON MAYORES QUE Elana
Lorena and Robert are older than Elana.
Statements of Equality.

something is equally (blank) as something
tan + adjective/ adverb + como

Esta' TAN nublado en Caracas COMO en Maricabo

It is as cloudy in Caracas as it is in Maricabo.
Statements of Equality.

Something is Is as MUCH or has as Many as something else.
tanto como
tanta como as MUCH as

Tantos como
tantas como as MANY as

Estudias TANTO COMO yo.
You study as much as i do.
Superlative Statements

i have the best husband
agrees in sex and number
mas = most (adjective)
menos = least (adjective)
mejor(es) = best
peor(es) = worst
menor(es) youngest
mayor(es) oldest

yo tengo el mejor esposo
I have the best husband

tego la familia mas intelegente
i have the most intelligent family.
He gives it to me
El me lo da.
They give it to me
Ellos me lo dan
We give them (f) to you
nos te las damos
I told it to you
Yo te lo dije
They wrote it to you
Ellos te lo escribieron
He buys them for you
E'l te los compra.
He sings it to her
E'l se la canta
We sing it to you
Nosotros te la cantamos
We tell it to them
Nosotros Se lo decimos
I tell it to them
yo se lo digo
She buys them for you
Ella te los compra
She cooks it (f) for him.
Ella se la cocina
We cook it (f) for him.
Nosotros se la cocinamos.
Indirect Object Pronouns
Always Comes Before D.O

Me
Te
Le (se)
Nos
Les (se)
Direct Object Pronouns
Comes after the I.O.
Lo
La
Los
Las
Formal Commands
Yo form of verb, Drop the O and add the appropriate ending

ar verbs= E (singular) EN (Plural)

Ir/Er verbs A (singular) AN (Plural)
Formal Commands AR Verbs
E (Singular)

EN (Plural)
Formal Commands ER/IR Verbs
A (singular)

AN (plural)
Bring your passport! Dont forget it!
Traiga su passaporte, No lo olivide
Call us today! Dont call us tomorrow!
llámenos hoy, no llame mañana
Tomar
to take
tener
to have
pensar

e-ie
to think
dar
to give
pedir
to ask for
Volver
to return
decir
to say
venir
to come
hacer
to do/make
correr
to run
llegar
to arrive
empezar
to begin
caerse
to fall
levantarse
to get up
decirme
to tell me
Formal Command

Dar
give it

De / Den
Formal Command

Ir
go to

Vaya
Formal Command

Ser
be

sean
Formal Command

haber
have

haya
Formal Command

Estar
be

este'
Formal Command

Saber
know

sepa
Bailen mucho pero no estudien
Dance a lot but do not study
Traigan musica pero no beban mucha cerveca
Bring music but dont drink to much beer
divertanse muchismo pero no lleguen a casa muy tarde
have a lot of fun but dont arrive home late.
Sean simpaticos pero no esturnuden mucho
Be nice but dont sneeze a lot .
Preterite usage
SIngle time completed events in the past.

(what someone DID or DIDNT do)

The begining or end of an event.
At 11, it began to rain

Actions that interupt other actions

when tomas entered the room
cuando tomas entro'

often associated with time expressions
ayer, anteayer, una vez, el mes pasado
Imperfect Usage
Habitual or ongoing actions in the past

every year we used to, we would always

Background information that sets the stage for preterite actions

The night of the party...

Interupted events (while, were)

Time expressions such as todos los dias, cada semana, siempre,
hacia
towards
detra's de
behind
entre'
in between
enfrente de
across from
a la izquierda de
on the left of
a la derecha de
on the right of
al lado de
next to
cerca del
near the
delante de
in front of
lejos de
far away from
hasta
up to, until
cruzar
to cross
doblar
to turn
parar (se)
to stop
continuar
to continue
subir (se)
to go up
a pie
on foot
en metro
by taxi
norte
north
este
east
sur
south
oeste
west
Informal Positive Commands
use the el form of the verb

hablar - habla

comer - come

vivir - vive
Informal Negative Commands
the yo form and switch the ending (ar-e) (ir/er - a) and add s

No hables
NO comas
no vivas
no vayas
llorar
to cry
gritar
to shout
el anfitrion(a)
host/hostess
el brindis
toast
el balneario
beach resort
el mar
sea
el rio
river
hacer una parrillad
bbq
pescar
to fish
pasear en valero
to go sailboating
algo
some
alguien
somebody
algu'n
some
algu'no(a)
any
seimpre
always
tambi'en
also, too
nada
nothing
nadie
nobody/no one
ningu'n
none
ni ni
niether nor
nunca
never
tampoco
neither
me pongo conento/avergonzado/molesto
i get happy/ embarrased/ annoyed
el pastel
cake
¿qué te dieron tus amigos el año pasado?
what did you give your friends last year
¿qué les regalaste a ellos?
what did you give to your friends?
i gave my friends books
yo di mis amigos libros
i gave them books
yo les di libros
cuando te pones enojado a veces?
what makes you mad sometimes?
traffic and stupid people make me mad
el tráfico y la gente estúpida me hacen enojado
¿qué haces cuidadosamente ?
What do you do carefully?
i am careful when i ride my motorcycle
tengo cuidado cuando monto mi motocicleta
the best restraunt in town is
el mejor restraunt de la ciudad
cuánto tiempo hace que te divertiste en una fiesta
how long since you amused yourself at a party?
la amistad
friendship
el amor
love
la boda
wedding
la cita
date
el compromiso
engagement
el noviazgo
courtship
enamorarse
tofall in love with
querrer
tolove
los recién casados
newlyweds
la vida
life
abrazar
to hug
besar
to kis
casarse con
married with
rompar
to break up wth
salir con
to go out with
la paraje
couple
asistar
toattend
terminar
to end
asistar
to attend a function
cada dia
each day
hecho
made
puesto
put
vuelto
returned
visto
seen
dicho
said/ told
a premera vista
at first sight
vetsido de gala
dressed elegantly
traje
suit
tuxedo
esmoquin
yesterday my friends wanted to read and swim but they could not because it was raining.
mis amigos desearon(p) ayer leer y nadar, pero no podrían(i) porque
llovía.
last week i studied, worked, and read.
la semana pasada yo, estudié, trabajé, y leí.
their flight arrived at 11
su vuelo llegó a las once.
quien te prestó las gafas del sol
who loaned you the sun glasses.
maraco loaned them to me
marco me las prestó
de repente
suddenly