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113 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Another name for joints
articulations
support
bones are the supporting frame work
protection
skull protects brain,breastbone protects ribs, also heart and lungs
anchored
muscles, move the bones
storage
homeostasis blood calcium
hemopoisesis
blood formation of a vital process carried on in red bone marrow
long bones main parts
Diaphysis- hollow tube, hard compact bone,light enough in weight to permit movement
structutre of long bone
Diaphysia medullary cavity- the hollow area inside the diaphysis of a bone, soft yellow bone marrow'fatty marrow in the adult skelton
structure of long bone
Medullary Cavity ends of the bone,red bone marrow,fills in small spaces, spony bone composing the eiphyses
structure of long bone
Epiphyses thin layer of cartiledge coveringeach epiphyses function like a small rubber band,then forms a joint
structure of long bone
periossteum- a strong fibrous membrane covering a long bone except at joint surfaces where it covers by articular cartilage
structure of long bone
Edoosteum- fibrous membrane that lines the medullary cavity
Bone
appearance and structure depending on location
Bone
bone is hardand dense /dense or compact
bone
porous bone /spongy bone
bone
needlelike threads of spongy bone surrounded by a network spaces are called trabaculae
bone
numerous structural systems called osteonsor Haverian system.Rings are called concentric lamella and circula systems is central canal
bone
living bone cells called osteocytes
bone
ostecoytes lie betweeen the hard layers of the lamerllae in little spaces called lacunae
bone
the tiny passage like canals called canaliculi connect the lacunae with one another and with the cenytral canal
bone
that numerous blood vessels from trhe outer periostrum and evetually enter
the bone
cartlilage
emmbeded in a firm gel,firm plastic,nutrients must diffuse
adult bone requires continues activity called
ostenblasts
adult bone requires continues activity called
ostenblasts
bone reobsorbing cells called
osteoclasts
adult bone requires continues activity called
ostenblasts
bone reobsorbing cells called
osteoclasts
most bones are formed ifrom cartildge model this process called
endochondfral clssifification
most bones are formed ifrom cartildge model this process called
endochondfral clssifification
bone reobsorbing cells called
osteoclasts
axial skelton
bones of skull,spine,chest.thyroid,
adult bone requires continues activity called
ostenblasts
axial skelton
bones of skull,spine,chest.thyroid,
most bones are formed ifrom cartildge model this process called
endochondfral clssifification
appendicular skelton
legs,pelvic, girdle,hip,legs,fee
axial skelton
bones of skull,spine,chest.thyroid,
bone reobsorbing cells called
osteoclasts
appendicular skelton
legs,pelvic, girdle,hip,legs,fee
appendicular skelton
legs,pelvic, girdle,hip,legs,fee
most bones are formed ifrom cartildge model this process called
endochondfral clssifification
axial skelton
bones of skull,spine,chest.thyroid,
appendicular skelton
legs,pelvic, girdle,hip,legs,fee
adult bone requires continues activity called
ostenblasts
bone reobsorbing cells called
osteoclasts
most bones are formed ifrom cartildge model this process called
endochondfral clssifification
adult bone requires continues activity called
ostenblasts
axial skelton
bones of skull,spine,chest.thyroid,
bone reobsorbing cells called
osteoclasts
appendicular skelton
legs,pelvic, girdle,hip,legs,fee
most bones are formed ifrom cartildge model this process called
endochondfral clssifification
axial skelton
bones of skull,spine,chest.thyroid,
appendicular skelton
legs,pelvic, girdle,hip,legs,fee
sinuses
spaces of cavities inside inside someof cranial bones 4 pair othem
paranasal membrane
give trouble when mucous membrane lines gets infammed, swollen, painful
mastoidditis
inflammation of air spaces the mastoid portion of mastoid portion of tomporal of bone can produce very serious medical problems
sutures
two parial bones give shape to bulding top side of the , skul lmo veable joints skull
fontanenls
soft spots, six, important in postioning the baby head during
birth
vertebrae
consists of of a series of special bones, they form a flexible coverted rod different sections have different names
vertebrae
7 cervical 12 thoracic

5 lumbar ,sacrrum, coccxym
concave curves
cervical and lumbar curves
convex curves
thoratic and sacral curves
lordosis
swayback ,lumbar abnormal
Kyphosis
hunchback
scoliosis
abnormal curvature
thorax
tweleve pairs of ribs the sterum and the thoraic or chest
appendicular skeleton
126 bones
scapula
shoulder blade
clavicale
collar bone
sternoclavicalar
between the claivicale and sterum , breastbone
bones of the arm
long bone of arm, forearm- radius and ulna,
olecranon process
fits nicely into theulna process
olecranon fossa
fits nicely into the large depression on the posterior surfaceof the humerous
wrist and hand
8 carpal or wrist bones 5 metcarpals support palm (support) 14 phalanges or finger bones 27 in all
coxal
pelvic bones
infant coxal bone
ilum, ischum,pubis
femur
longest bone in body
acetabulum
deep cup shape socket

more stable than the head of the scapula humerus
tibia
forms a rather sharp edgeon the crest a long the lower leg
fibula
lies along the outer or lateral border of the lower leg
phlanges
finger bones
metarsals and tarsels
foot has 5 metarals
hand has 8 metecarpals
calcaneus
heel bone
fallen arches
weakening muscles in the foot
medial and lateral arch
inside of foot


outer edge of foot
male skelton
larger skelton
female skeleton
larger hipbones(chld birth)
synarthroses joint
caranial bones
amphiarthroses
joint in which cartilige connects the articulating bones
diarthroses
movement , sometimes in may directions sometimes only in one or two directions
diathroses structure
all have a joint capsule joint cavity and layer of cartlidge
joint capsule
made of the body's strongest and toughest material, fiberous connective tissue and is lined with a smooth slippery synovical membrane
ligamnets
fibrouous connective tissue as the joint capsule grows out
articular cartilage
over the joint at the end of bones act of like a rubber band heel
synovial membrane
secrets a lubricating fluiud that allows easier movement with less fiction
osteoporosis
most common bone disorders
osteomalacia
mineral loss in bones
rickets
bone deformity in children
Paget disease
metabolism disorder. affects older adults
osteomyellius
bacterial infection of the bone and marrow tissue
open and closed fracture
open compound fracture-bone pierces the skin
closed simple fracture does not pierce the skin
complete and incomplete fracture
fragments seperate completely

incomplete partially joined
commiunted fracture
impacted fracture
breaks thatproduce many fragments
fragments are driven into each other
linear fraction
fraction is parallel
tranverse fraction
right angle for the bone's long axis
oliqiue fraction
diagonal to the long bone
callus
a bony framework formed around a fracture of a bone aids in the process of healing
noninflammatory joint disease
does not invovle infammation of the synovial membrane and does not produce these signs
osteoarthritis
degenerative joint diseasemost common nonimflammatory moveablee joints degeneration of articular cartilage is a feature
Thrumatic injury
dislocationnot in proper contact a sprian is acute injury
arthritis
inflammatory of joints
Rhemutoid Arthritis
autommune disease chronic inflammation, it starts in chldhood
Gouty Arthitis
metabolic condition, uric acid, nitrogen waste build up
Infectious Arhitis
variety of pathogen can infect synovial membraneand other joint tissues lyme disease