Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/69

Click to flip

69 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Loss or absence of mobility in a joint due to disease, injury or surgical procedure.
Ankylosis
Pain in a joint
Arthalgia
Stiffness of the joints, especially in the elderly
Arthrosclerosis
Inflammation of the Bursa
bursitis
Slow growing benign tumor derived from cartilage cells
Chondroma
Chondromalacia
Abnormal softening of the cartilage
An abnormal enlargement at the base of the big toe
Bunion or Hallux Valgus
Blood within a joint space
Hemarthrosis
Inflammation of the Synovial membrane
Synovitis
Dislocation
luxation
Partial Displacement
Subluxation
Wear-and-tear arthritis
Osteoarthritis
Arthritis caused by an increase in uric acid in the body
Gouty Arthritis
Arthritis asociated with autoimmune disorder
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Form of Rheumatoid arthritis characterised by progressive stiffening of the spine due to fusion of vertebrae bodies
Ankylosing spondylitis
Arthritis that affects children.
Juvenile Rheumatoid arthritis.
Breaking apart of an intervertebral disk
Herniated disk or ruptured disk
Low back pain
lumbago
Slipping forward movement of the body of one of the vertebrae
Spondylolisthesis
Degenerative disorder that may cause loss of normal spinal structure and function
Spondylosis
Congenital defect in which the spinal canal fails to close around the spinal cord
spina bifida
Abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine
Kyphosis or Humpback/dowager's hump
Abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the lumbar spine.
Lordosis or Swayback
abnormal lateral ( sideways ) curvature of the spine
Scoliosis
Malformation of the skull due to prematured closure of the cervical sutures
Craniostenosis
Pain in a bone
Ostealgia
Inflammation of the bone
Osteitis
Abnormal softening of the bones in adults that is usually caused by deficiency of Vit D, Ca or Phospate
Adult Rickets or Osteomalacia
Inflammation of the bonemarrow and adjacent bone
Osteomyelitis
Destruction and death of bone tissue caused by insufficient blood supply
Osteonecrosis
Disease of unknown cause characterised by extensive bone destruction and abnormal bone repair
Paget's disease or osteitis deformans
Inflammation of the periosteum
Perioitis
Club foot
Talipes
Cancers of the bone that affect children most frequently.
Ewing's sarcoma
Malignant tumor composed of blood-forming tissues of the bone marrow
Myeloma
Benign tumor characterised by cartilage capped bony growth that projects from the surface of the bone
Osteochondroma or exostosis
Marked loss of bone density and an increase in bone porosity
Osteoporosis
Thinner than average bone density in a young person
Osteopenia
Fractures caused by spontaneous collapse of weakened vertebrae
Compression fracture of the spine
Fractured wrist
Colles' fracture
Osteoporotic hip fracture
broken hip
Fracture when bone is broken but there is no open wound on the skin
closed fracture
Fracture where the bone is crushed or splintered
Comminuted fracture
Fracture where bone is pressed together
compression fracture
fracture in which the bone is bent and only partially broken. Occurs in children
Green stick fracture
Fracture that occurs at an angle
oblique fracture
fracture that occurs when a bone is weakened because of disease
pathologic fracture
Fracture that occurs when a bone has been twisted apart
Spiral fracture
Fx due to overuse
Stress fracture
Fx that occurs straight across the bone
Transverse Fx
When a long bone is fractured and fat cells from the bone marrow are released into the blood.
Embolus
Crackling sound that is heard when the ends of a broken bone move
crepitation
A bulging deposit that is formed as the bone heals from the fracture.
Callus
Used to determine losses or changes in bone density
Bone Density Testing
DXA
Dual x-ray absorptiometery
Stem cell transplant
Bone marrow transplant
BMT in which patient receives his own bone marrow
Autologous BMT
BMT in which patient receives a donor's bone marrow
Allogenic BMT
Surgical procedure to stiffen a joint
Arthrodesis
surgical loosening of an ankylosed joint
Arthrolysis
Minimally invasive procedure for the treatment of interior of a joint
Arthroscopic surgery
Surgical removal of bursa
bursectomy
Surgical repair of damaged cartilage
Chondroplasty
surgical removal of a synovial membrane from a joint.
Synovectomy
An arthroscopic techinique in which heat is used to shrink and tighten the tissues
Thermal capsulorrhaphy
Replacement part for a missing one
Prosthesis
Act of holding, suturing or fastening the bone in a fixed position
Immobilization
Pulling force exerted on a limb in a distal direction in an effort to return the bone to normal allignment.
traction
ORIF
Open Reduction Internam Fixation