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50 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Where did the Renaissance begin?
Florence, Italy
Besides Florence, what were two other important cities in the Renaissance for trade and commerce?
Milan and Venice, Italy
The ideas from which two ancient civilizations influenced the Renaissance?
Greece and Rome
The belief that humans can make informed decisions, not the church.
Humanism
The name of a poet and scholar who encouraged people to speak and write thoughtfully about their place in the world.
Petrarch
An artist known for his mastery of perspective and detail in art and architecture.
Raphael
Famous painter and sculptor, painted the Sistine Chapel.
Michelangelo
Improved the invention of the telescope, supported Copernicus in opposition to the church.
Galileo
Invented the movable type printing press.
Johannes Gutenberg
Opposed the sale of indulgences and other beliefs of the Roman Catholic church. He was excommunicated from the church.
Martin Luther
Famous painter, sculptor and scientist. Painted the Mona Lisa.
Leonardo da Vinci
The church split into two groups - what were they?
Catholic and Protestant
What was the response of the Roman Catholic Church to try and reform itself?
The Council of Trent
In the 1400s trade routes were established between which two continents?
Asia and Europe
Who was the famous prince who supported finding shorter trade routes to Asia?
Prince Henry the Explorer
Prince Henry helped design a new ship that could sail in any direction. What was it called?
A Caravel
Who sailed around the southern tip of Africa in 1488 but had to return home because he ran low on supplies?
Bartholomeu Dias
Who complete the route started by Dias in 1497 to India?
Vasco de Gama
Who was the Portuguese explorer who ended up in South America (Brazil) in 1500?
Pedro Alvarez Cabral
How long did the Portuguese rule Brazil?
300 years
Who was the Italian sailor, living in Portugal, who crossed the Atlantic in 1492?
Christopher Columbus
Who was the Spanish explorer who first sighted the Pacific ocean in 1513?
Balboa
Who named the Pacific Ocean?
Magellan
Who sailed west around the world in 1519. Only 1 of his 5 ships returned.
Magellan
Which country sent men to conquer South America? What were the men called?
Spain
Conquistadors
Who conquered Mexico in 1519? He captured and killed the Mexican leader Moctezuma.
Cortez
Who led the first expedition to explore the Mississippi river?
Hernando de Soto
Which country claimed all of the land in the U.S. from Kansas to South America in 1540?
Spain
Who was the Italian who explored Canada in 1497 for England?
John Cabot
Who was the first Englishman to sail around the world? He was trying to find the Northwest Passage.
Sir Francis Drake
Another English explorer who looked for the Northwest Passage. He discovered Hudson Bay.
Henry Hudson
A French explorer who lead an expedition up the St. Lawrence river in 1535.
Jacques Cartier
This French explorer established Quebec in 1608. It became a major fur trading post.
Samuel Champlain
Two Frenchmen who explored the Great Lakes and Mississippi around 1670.
Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet
Explored the interior of North America around 1670 to 1680. Explored the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers.
Sieur de La Salle
Explored the South American mainland around 1500. The continents were named after him.
Amerigo Vespucci
New wealth, more land, freedom or religion and political thought. Native American trade.
The Good
Smallpox, influenza, measles. Split between Catholics and Protestants. Elimination of Native American cultures. War.
The Bad
Who was the English monarch who defeated the Spanish Armada?
Elizabeth I
Slave Trade. Started in Virginia in 1619.
The Ugly
Trade between the West Indies, America and Africa was called what?
Triangular Trade
Was a Northwest Passage ever found?
No!
What is 'Heliocentric' theory? Who discovered it?
The earth revolves around the sun. Copernicus
When was the Jamestown settlement founded?
1607
When did the pilgrims land at Plymouth rock?
1620
What does 'circumnavigate' mean?
To go all the way around.
Who allowed Europeans to make slaves of native peoples in new lands?
Pope Nicholas V
What is an Armada?
A fleet of ships.
Who sponsored Christopher Columbus' expedition?
Queen Isabella of Spain
Map of the world used by explorers.
Ptolemy's map.