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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
powerful politician
Political Boss
crusading journalists
muckrakers
three muckrakers, who made their message visable through books...
1.Licoln Steffens (The Shame Of The Cities)
2.Upton Sinclair (The Jungle)
3.Frank Norris (The Octopus)
reformer in the late 1800's and early 1900's who wanted to imrove American life
Progressive
for the good of the people
public interest
voters choose their party's candidate for the general election
primary
gave voters the right to put a bill before a state legislature
initiative
allowed voters to put a bill on ballot and vote it into law
referendum
allowed voters to remove an elected official from office
recall
taxes people at different rates
graduated income tax
What did the expantion of the cities cause, and what kind of services did it expand?
corruption

1.sewers
2.garbage collection
3.roads
Who carried corruption to new extremes, and cheated the city out of more than $100 million?
Boss Tweed (Thomas Nast, a famous political cartoonist, made a picture to show his wrongdoing)
Tom Johnson
1.gave out contracts honestly
2.improved garbages and sewage systems
3.set up services for the poor
used the press to turn public opinions against corruption
Reformers
She targeted the unfair practices of big business, and made articles about the Standard Oil Company, which led to demands for more control on trusts
Ida Tarbell
He was a leading progressive, and governor of Wisconsin. He lowered railroad rates, which resulted in increased traffic. He wanted voters to particpate more directly in government
Robert La Follette
before this, Party leaders picked candiates for state and local offices
primary
before this, only members of the stated legislature could introduce bills
initiative
before this, only legislatures could pass laws
referendum
before this, only courts or legislature could remove corrupt officals
recall
Sixteenth Amendment
gave Congress the power to pas an income tax
Seventeenth Amendment
allowed for the direct elections of senators