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7 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Thomas Hobbes
"SOCIAL CONTRACT" - people gave up natural rights for law and order

ALl humans born naturally wicked

Only way: Absolute Monarchy

Wrote "Leviathan"
John Locke
Believed people could learn to be good

Self-Government

Natural Rights = Life, Liberty, Property

Power of Gov from People

Model of modern democracy
Voltaire
Fought for tolerance and freedom of speech

"I may not agree with a word you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it"
Montesquieu
Separation of Powers:
Legislative
Executive
Judical

Why? So people could not become corrupt with too much power
Rousseau
Commited to individual freedom

People are naturally good

Society corrupted people

Solution: General Will
Direct Consent of people
Beccaria
Criticized torturing of witnesses and criminals
Wollstonecraft
Wanted Women's Rights

Argued that women needed real Education