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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Lords & vassals
lord - landowner
vassal - person who receives land from lord
Knights
men who defended their lords' land
Fief
granted land
Castles
the place where the Kings, Queens, Lords, & Knights lived
Serfs
people who could not leave the place they were born
monks, friars, & nuns
monks - lived in monasteries
fraiars - owned nothing and lived by begging
nuns - women who worked with the sick & poor
Manor
the lord's estate
Pope
father of the Church
Simony
the buying and selling of religious offices
Sacraments
sacred rites
tithe
church tax
monastery & convent
monastery: the place where the monks lived
convent: the place where the nuns lived
excommunication
christians that disobeyed the church
The Crusades
Holy Wars... about the holy land
inquisition
unifying the country under Christianity
Papal Curia
a court created by the pope's advisors
Gothic Architecture
a cathedral that reached "up to the heavens"
stained glass
windows that were illustrated the stories from the Bible (not many people knew how to read)
Manual labor
work that was done by hand
hierarchy
the different ranks that people had
Muslims
a group of people that were in Jerusalem first
Germanic tribes
the people that made the Roman Empire fall
parish
to be destroyed
The Plague
A DEADLY DISEASE!!!! it killed 1/3 of Europe's population
Saladin
a Kurdish warrior and Muslim leader
Richard I
the English King was left to lead the Crusades
Pope Urban II
a person who convinced everyone to go into war
Council of Constantine
3 popes that were chosen by the court to attempt to end the Great Schism
Flying buttress
arks that transferred weight to the exterior walls
ribbed vault & pointed arch
vaults: supported the roof's weight
arches: framed the stain glass windows
feudalism
it is an economic and political system based on land and protection
feudal contract
an agreement when the lord would give land to the vassal in exchange for protection
decentralization
land that was spread from 1 King to many different Lords; grandsons fighting and invasions