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36 Cards in this Set

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What is Kansas' ONLY natural border?
The Missouri River
How is Kansas relatively flat but you can climb over 4,000 feet in elevation?
The elevation rises gradually on an incline at around 10 Feet per mile.
How is eastern and western Kansas different (Environmentally)
Eastern: Wooded Areas and rolling hills

Western: High Plains
What is a plain?
A flat, tree less landscape that receives low levels of rainfall.
Where are the Great Plains?
Stretch from Texas to Canada
Where do prairie grasses usually grow?
Where it is too wet to be desert, but to dry for forest.
Why is the prairie partly underground?
Because prairie plants have long roots
The size of Kansas?
East to West: 411 Miles

North to South: 208 Miles
What was the Permian sea?
It was a warm salt water ocean that was home to plants, fish, birds, and reptiles. It once covered Kansas.
The Permian sea created natural resources such as...
Oil, Coal, and Natural Gas.
We have what evidence from the sea?
Marine Fossils and layers and salt were found.
Describe the Flint Hills.
a Band of Hills composed of limestone and shale.
What is the Ogallala Aquifer?
A reservoir under farms and ranches under Western Kansas
When was it created (Ogallala)
Millions of years ago
This water is mainly used for what?
Irrigation
Why isn't the water easily replenished in the Ogallala?
Because in Western Kansas the dry winds evaporate the water, and the crusty substance below the soil keep water from draining into the aquifer.
How were most of the larger lakes in Kansas formed?
Most of the lakes were formed for flood control projects, like dams, and were built to control the flow of the water.
Four Extreme weather conditions that occur in Kansas are?
Drought, Blizzard, Tornadoes, Flood
What ways can the extreme weather conditions affect our economy?
Kill Crops and in extreme temperatures can kill livestock.
Why is Kansas the "Sunflower State"
Because there are 12 species of sunflowers in Kansas.
What do prairie fires do to benefit the environment in the prairie?
It allows the old to die off and new growth to begin.
What is the state tree of Kansas?
The Cottonwood.
What was the grasshopper invasion like in the 1870s?
It was a destructive invasion on crops. IT was said that the grass hoppers devoured the crops and blocked the sun, and there was a very loud buzzing sound like rain.
Kansas is divided into 11 what?
Physiographic Regions
What are high plains?
Flatlands, originally formed by sediments from the Rocky Mts.
Why are the Red Hills appearance different than most of Kansas?
The hills contain iron oxide.
Under this region you can find a supply of water and salt.
WELLington McPherson Lowlands

(Remember Well for water)
This region is one of the last tall grass prairies in the country.
Flint Hill Uplands
This region is characterized by red quartzite boulders.
Glaciated Regions

(Remember GLACIATED...Quartz)
Due to the medium-tall grasses that cover the hills, this region is not cultivated, but instead used for grazing.
Chautauqua Hills

(Remember Chautauqua meaning Indian tribe and they planted the grasses)
This region contains limestone and is covered with hardwood tress.
Ozark Plateau
This region contains cliffs that face east and slope to the west.
Osage Cuestas

(Remember this is the one we live in)
This region is formed of rocks from the Rocky Mountains.
Arkansas River Lowlands

(Remember...at the bottom of rivers there are rocks and there are many rocks from the Rocky Mts here)
This region is known for sandstone, limestone, and chalk that can be found there.
Smoky Hills

(Remember to melt rock you will have SMOKE and there are lots of rocks here)
This is a coal-mining region, as well as a good agricultural region.
Cherokee Lowlands

(Remember Cherokee by the Jeep...to mine you would go down in a Jeep)
In what ways in Kansas linked to the rest of the world.
Products are Imported

Products exported: Wheat and Livestock

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