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21 Cards in this Set

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Prosimii (Prosimians)
(H)
The suborder of primates that are biologically primitive compared to anthropoids. In biological terms, this suborder are more primitive, or more like early primate ancestors, than are monkeys and apes. They often lack one or more of the general characteristics of primates.
(H)
Before simians(or monkeys and apes)
Anthropoidea (Anthropoids)
(H)
The suborder of primates consisting of monkeys, apes, and humans.
(H)
"Higher Primates"
Nocturnal
Active during the night.
Diurnal
Active during the day.
Loris
A nocturnal prosimian found today in Asia and Africa.
Tarsier
A nocturnal prosimian found today in Indonesia, Southeast Asia.
Lemur
A prosimian found today on the island of Madagascar.
Strepsirhini (Strepsirhines)
(H)
One of the two suborders of primates suggested to replace the prosimian/anthropoid suborders. This suborder is characterized WITH a moist nose. (Ex. lemurs and lorises)
(H)
(The other suborder is the haplorhines).
Haplorhini (Haplorhines)
(H)
One of the two suborders of primates suggested to replace the prosimian/anthropoid suborders. This suborder is characterized by being WITHOUT a moist nose. (Ex. Tarsiers, monkeys, apes, and humans)
(H)
(The other suborder is the strepsirhines).
Quadrupedal
A form of movement in which all four limbs are of equal size and make contact with the ground, and the spine is roughly parallel to the ground.
Territory
A home range that is actively defended.
Savanna
An environment consisting of open grasslands in which food resources tend to be spread out over large areas.
Hominoid
A superfamily of anthropoids consisting of apes and humans.
Cusp
A raised area on the chewing surface of a tooth.
Suspensory Climbing
The ability to raise the arms above the head and hang on branches and to climb in this position.
Morphology
The physical structure, or anatomy, of organisms.
Hominid
Humans and humanlike ancestors since the time of divergence form the African apes.
Hominin
Under some taxonomic classifications this term is used instead of hominid to refer to humans and humanlike ancestors.
Brachiation
A method of movement that uses the arms to swing from branch to branch.
Estrus
(H)
A time during the month when females are sexually receptive. "Heat"
(H)
Your 4 days of hell...
Knuckle Walking
A form of movement used by chimpanzees and gorillas that is characterized by all four limbs touching the ground, with the weight of the arms resting on the knuckles of the hands.