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95 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The head is the most _______ area of the body.
superior
farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
distal
The navel is ______ to the eyes.
inferior
toward or at the front of the body
anterior
toward or at the back of the body
posterior
toward the middle of the body
medial
the lungs are _______ to the arms
medial
away from the midline of the body; on the outside of
lateral
between a more medial and more lateral structure
intermediate
close to the origin of the body part or attachment to the body trunk
proximal
The knee is____ to the ankle.
proximal
toward or at the body surface
superficial
away from the body surface
deep
The breastbone is ________ to the spine.
anterior
anterior body trunk inferior to ribs
abdominal
point of shoulder
acromial
anterior surface of elbow
antecubital
armpit
axillary
arm
brachial
cheek area
buccal
wrist
carpal
neck region
cervical
hip
coxal
leg
crural
fingers, toes
digital
thigh
femoral
lateral part of the leg
fibular
groin, where the thigh meets the trunk
inguinal
nose area
nasal
mouth
oral
anterior knee
patellar
area overlying the pelvis anteriorly
pelvic
genital region
pubic
breastbone area
sternal
ankle region
tarsal
navel
umbilical
head
cephalic
curve of shoulder
deltoid
buttock
gluteal
area of back between ribs and hips
lumbar
posterior surface of the head
occipital
posterior knee area
popliteal
area between hips
sacral
shoulder blade region
scapular
calf
sural
area of spine
vertebral
cut made along the body lengthwise, dividing left and right
sagittal
cut down the median of the body
midsagittal
cut made lengthwise that divides body into anterior and posterior regions
coronal or frontal section
a cut across the horizontal plane
transverse or cross section
subdivisions of dorsal cavity
cranial and spinal cavities
subdivisions of ventral cavity
thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities
centermost region, deep to and surrounding the navel
umbilical region
region superior to umbilical region
epigastric region
region inferior to the umbilical region
hypogastric (pubic) region
lateral to the hypogastric region
iliac or inguinal regions
regions lateral to the umbilical region
right and left lumbar regions
the region that contains the lower ribs
right and left hypochondriac regions
The heart is _______ to the lungs.
anterior
the shoulders are _______ to the neck.
lateral
The stomach is _____ to the wrists.
medial
The skeleton is _____ to the skin.
deep
the anterior of a human and the belly of a four-legged animal
ventral
the posterior surface of a human or the superior surface of a four-legged animal
dorsal
cavity that contains the stomach, liver, and intestines
abdominal
cavity that contains the reproductive organs
pelvic
cavity that contains the brain
cranial
cavity that contains the heart and lungs
thoracic
the muscle that separates the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities
diaphragm
Name the six levels of structural organization.
chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
list the eleven organ systems in the body
integumentary
skeletal
muscular
nervous
endocrine
digestive
cardiovascular
reproductive
urinary
lymphatic
respiratory
what are the eight functions necessary for life?
maintaining boundries
movement
responsiveness
digestion
metabolism
excretion
reproduction
growth
What are the five survival needs of any organism?
nutrients, oxygen, atmospheric pressure, water, body temperature
what is homeostasis and what happens without it?
the maintence of a stable environment=adynamic state of equalibrium; homeostatic imbalance--a disturbance resulting in disease
what are the homestatic control mechanisms and what are their functions?
the receptor senses changes in the environment and and responds by sending information along the afferent pathway to the control center
the control center analyzes the information and sends commands to the effector along the efferent pathway
the effector responds to influence stimulus and regain homeostasis
Name the region(s) in which the liver reside(s).
right hypochondriac, epigastric
Name two organs in the cardiovascular system.
heart, blood vessels
briefly decribe the function of the nervous system
fast-acting control system of the body; responds to internal and external changes by activating appropriate muscles and glands
briefly describe the integumentary system
protects deeper organs; synthesizes vitamin D; location of cutaneous(pain, pressure, etc)
briefly describe the skeletal system
protects and supports organs; provides a framework the muscles use to cause movement; stores minerals; blood cells are created within bones
briefly describe the muscular system
allows manipulation of the environment, locomotion, and facial expression; maintains posture; creates heat
briefly describe the endocrine system
glans secrete hormones that regulate growth, reproduction, and metabolism
briefly describe the cardiovascular system
the heart pumps blood through blood vessels, carrying oxygen, carbon dioxide, and nutrients, wastes, etc.
briefly decribe the lymphatic system
picks up fluid leaked by blood vessels and returns it to blood; disposes of debris in the lymphatic stream; houses white blood cells
briefly decribe the respiratory system
keeps blood supplied with oxygen and removes carbon dioxide
briefly decribe the digestive system
breaks food down into absorbable units that enter the blood for distribution to body cells; eliminates solid waste though feces
briefly decribe the reproductive system
production of offspring
briefly decribe the urinary system
elimates nitrogenous waste fromt he body; regulates water, electrolyte, and acid-base balance of the blood
how does positive feedback effect a variable?
pushes it farther from the original value
how does negative feedback effect a variable?
shuts off the original stimulus or reduce its intensity
why is anatomical position important for the study of anatomy?
anotomical termanology refers to this positioning regardless of the position the body happens to be in
The knee is ______ to the inguinal.
lateral, inferior
To cut a body so that each section has aproximately one quarter of the heart one must make what two cuts? Name all possible answers
sagittal and tranverse
coronal and tranverse
coronal and sagittal
The following groupings are along what plane?
hypogastric, umbilical, epigastric
medial
Name all the body landmarks from the curve of the shoulder to the tips of the fingers
deltoid, acromical, axillary, antecubital, brachial, carpal, digital