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40 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
pharaoh
the title of each of the kings of ancient Egypt
kilt
a knee-length skirt usually worn by men
scribe
one employed as a copyist
mourner
a person who is feeling grief (as grieving over someone who has died)
sarcophagus
a stone coffin, especially one ornamented with sculptures or bearing inscriptions
ancient
extremely old; existing for many years
quarry
a large open hole or pit dug for mining stone, marble, gravel, or the like
papyrus
a tall reedlike water plant of the Nile valley which was used to make a kind of paper to write on
oasis
a fertile spot in the desert where there is water and usually trees and other vegetation
incense
any gum, wood, or other aromatic substance that produces a pleasant odor when burned
shenti
a piece of linen tied around the waist and kept in place by a girdle
sultan
the ruler of an Islamic country
cargo
the goods carried by a ship, airplane, or other vehicle; freight
excavation
an opening or cavity (hole) made by digging
funerary
of, used for, or associated with burial
amber
a hard, translucent fossil resin with a yellowish brown color
pinnacle
the highest point or part of anything
basalt
a dense, dark-colored igneous rock created by lava flow
flail
a manual implement used to thresh grain, consisting of a long handle with a short, freely moving bar attached at one end
engrave
to cut a design or lettering into (a hard, flat surface)
obscurity
the state or condition of being unknown
embalmed
treated with spices, chemicals, or drugs to keep it from decaying;said of a dead body
dynasty
a series of rulers who belong to the same family; aline of kings or princes.
hieroglyphic
a picture, character, or symbol standing for a word, idea, or sound; used instead of an alphabet
obelisk
a tapering, four-sided shaft of stone with a top shaped like a pyramid
decipher
to convert from a coded form to ordinary language or to interpret or comprehend (a piece of language) despite difficulties such as obscurity of style or bad handwriting
guttural
articulated in the back of the mouth; harsh-sounding
sphinx
in Egyptian mythology, a creature with a lion's body and the head of a human or animal
cartouche
an oval or oblong figure designed to enclose the characters of the name of an Egyptian ruler, often used in ancient times as a seal
barren
not useful; unproductive; lacking
anarchy
a state of confusion or disorder; chaos
scarab
a broad, black dung beetle sacred to the ancient Egyptians; an image of this beetle, used in ancient Egypt as charms or ornaments
solder
any of various alloys, usu. of lead and tin, that may be applied in a molten state to the juncture of metal edges to make a connection
chivalrous
having the honorable qualities of courage and loyalty
shaduf
a long rod with a bucket on one end and a weight on the other, used for raising water in the Near East
barbarous
crude; uncivilized; brutal; cruel
vizier
a high government official; minister of state
scythe
an implement used for mowing (as grass) and composed of a long curving blade fastened at an angle to a long handle
desiccate
to lose all moisture; become dried up
amulet
some small object, such as a locket or carved image, worn as a magic charm against evil, disease, or harm