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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
social class of clergy
FIRST ESTATE
social class of nobles
SECOND ESTATE
social class including majority of society (bourgeoisie, working class, peasants)
THIRD ESTATE
French term for the middle class
BOURGEOISIE
a king or queen with complete power
ABSOLUTE MONARCH
a document signed by the king that could put anyone in jail indefinitely
LETRES DE CACHET
term for the period in Europe before the French Revolution
ANCIEN REGIME
old prison that symbolized everything that was wrong with the absolute French government; attacked by people in Paris in 1789
BASTILLE
A document the king would sign that could put anyone in jail indefinitely
LETTRES DE CACHET
Period of time in which philosophers challenged absolute governments
ENLIGHTENMENT
church tax
TITHE
land tax
TAILLE
Tax on labor (peasants had to work for free for nobles a certain number of days a year)
CORVEE
Social class made up of clergy
FIRST ESTATE
Another term for middle class
BOURGEOISIE
Term for people who were craftspeople and urban workers
ARTISANS
Social class made up of nobles
SECOND ESTATE
Law-making group made up of representatives from each estate; each estate (class) had one vote
ESTATES-GENERAL
Social class made up of 97% of the population - peasants, workers, and middle class
THIRD ESTATE
Another term for someone who believes in slow change
MODERATE
The group created by the Third Estate when they broke away from the Estates-General
NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
Event where Third Estate members promise to not leave the indoor tennis court until they write a constitution for France
TENNIS COURT OATH
Term for the old way of life in France and Europe before the French Revolution (1789)
ANCIEN (ancient) REGIME
The old prison which symbolized everything that was wrong with the government
BASTILLE
First document created by the National Assembly that listed people's rights
DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF MAN AND CITIZEN
Slogan of the French Revolution
"LIBERTY, EQUALITY, FRATERNITY"
The price of this item caused the women of Paris to riot
BREAD
Term for someone who wants dramatic, fast change
RADICAL
Term for a government in which the people elect their leaders
REPUBLIC (representative democracy)
Term for the right to vote
SUFFRAGE
New execution device that was seen as being humane compared to medieval punishments
GUILLOTINE
French leader executed under the name Citizen Capet
LOUIS XVI
Radical members of the National Assembly/National Convention
JACOBINS
Moderate members of the National Assembly/National Convention
GIRONDISTS
Term for the Paris shopkeepers who supported the radicals
SANS-CULOTTES
Group led by Robespierre that ran the country during the Radical stage looking for enemies of the state
COMMITTEE OF PUBLIC SAFETY
Period during the radical phase where the largest number of people were executed by the guillotines
REIGN OF TERROR
Term for people who want to return to the way things used to be; conservative
REACTIONARY