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31 Cards in this Set

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What are the 4 political regions of Great Britain?
England, Scotland, Whales, Ireland
What are the 2 geographic regions of Britain?
Highland Britain and Lowland Britain
Who were the Putitans?
They were a large powerful group of disagreeing Protestants
What were "witches"?
Witches were people (women) that seemed to not fit into society. Medicine women, widows etc.
Who were the upper class?
the king, kings advisors, nobles, high church officials (bishop)
Who were the middle class?
Merchants, manufacturers, landowners, professionals, military officers
Who were the lower class?
thousands of ordinary workers
How was a kings power limited in England?
Had limited powers because of parliament-couldnt introduce new taxes without the consent of parliament, accused were granted trial by jury of peers (Magna Carta)
What was the Divine Right of Kings?
It was a law that enabled the king to make all the decisions
What order did the kings come in?
Charles I, James I, Charles II, James II, King William of Orange
Why did Charles call both the short and long parliament?
Hoping they would solve his money problems
Why did the short parliament fail?
They tried to sympathize with the Scots
What was the Grand Remonstrance?
The act that proposed to change the role of the king in gov't and take away most of his powers
How did the debate of the grand Remonstrance split parliament?
There was a split in opinion
(Royalists-for the monarchy)(Presbyterians and Puritans-against monarchy)
How did Charles respond to the split in parliament?
He thought he could arrest the parliament for being traitors
Who were the roundheads? and why did they win the war against the king?
Scottish soldiers. They won because they were very highly diciplined
How did this war result in The Rump Parliament?
There were groups that supported Charles and groups that didn't. It was a battle between parliament to keep Charles as monarchy or to let him go
Why is it strange that Charles was tried for treason?
It was strange because he was being trialed for trying to overthrow himself
What was the result in Charles I treason?
He was found guilty and sentenced to death
How did England officially become Republic?
When Rump parliament voted to abolish monarchs and the house of lords
How could it be argued that the parliament didnt actually represent the people?
Because it only had 60 members
How did parliament deal with the Royalists in Ireland?
They sent an army to end the Royalist threat. All Catholic landowners in the north of ireland had to move to the southern and western part of ireland adn the northern area was resettled with English and Scottish protestants
How did Oliver Cromwell come to power?
He barged into parliament with a troop of soldiers and locked the doors of parliament adn put the key in his pocket, and then named the lord protector of England
What actions did he take as dictator?
He divided the country up into districts, ruled through major generals- each responsible for law and collecting taxes
What were the blue laws?
They were laws that outlawed "pagan"cerempnies like christmas and it outlawed dancing, gambling, sprots, and the theatre
How did the republic end?
It ended when Cromwells son richard was incapable of ruling the nation and he resighned as protector
What was the test act?
It was an act that forbade anyone other than the church of England from holding political office and enter professions.
What 2 major issues caused support for James II to disappear?
1- infuriated parliament by allowing Catholics to have high offices(against the test act)
2- When he tried to take power away from parliament because he believed in the Divine Right of Kings
How did James II respond to the rebellions?
He instituted a reign of terror. courts were conducted to excecute anyone suspected of being rebels
How did parliament solve the problem of the unpopular king?
They invited James II's daughter Mary and her husband William of Orange to be king and queen of england
How was William of Orange different from the other Stuart Kings?
He was chosen by parliament rather than hereditary right