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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A mediator molecule that is released in one part of the body but regulates cells of another body part.
a. endocrine glands
b. hormones
c. proteins
d. all of the above
B. hormones
Sudoriferous, sebaceous, and mucous glands are examples of what?
Exocrine glands
Pituitary, thyroid, adrenal, and pineal glands are examples of what?
Endocrine glands
How do hormones travel throughout the body?
In the blood
What role do protein and glycoprotein play in the influence of the hormone's target cells?
a. distructor
b. synergysts
c. antagonists
d. receptors
D. receptors
what are the 2 chemical classes of hormones?
lipid soluble and water soluble
What is makes water-soluble hormones different from lipid-soluble hormone?
a. They are bound to transport proteins
b. they are drinkable
c. they circulate freely in watery blood plasma
d. They are cuter
C. they circulate freely in watery blood plasma
How is the secretion of hormones regulated?
a. signals from the nervous system
b. chemical changes in the blood
c. other hormones
d. all of the above
D. all of the above
Who is the master of the pituitary gland?
a. thymus
b. hypophysis
c. pineal gland
d. hypothalamus
D. hypothalamus
What is the hypophysis?
a. the stalk that attaches the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
b. the inferior portion of the hypothalamus
c. a hormone secreted by the pituitary gland
d. the pituitary gland
D. the pituitary gland
What lies in the hypophyseal fossa of the sella turcica of the sphenoid bone?
a. the hypothalamus
b. the pituitary gland
c. the brain
d. the adreanl gland
B. the pituitary gland
What attaches the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus?
a. pendulum
b. infundibulum
c. lactotroph
d. suparenalum
B. infundibulum
What accounts for 75% of the weight of the pituitary gland?
a. infundibulum
b. neurohypophysis
c. adenohypophysis
d. none of the above
c. adenohypophysis
what controls the release of hormones from the adenohypophysis?
a. the pituitary gland
b. the neurohypophysis
c. the hypothalamus
d. gonadotrophs
C. the hypothalamus
name the 5 types of anterior pituitary cells
somatotrophs, thyrotrophs, gonadotrophs, lactotrophs, and corticotrophs
which is not a type of cell found in the anterior pituitary gland?
a. corticotrophs
b. gonadotrophs
c. dermatrophs
d. somatotrophs
C. Dermatrophs
What do somatotrophs secrete?
HGH-humane growth hormone
What do thyrotrophs secrete?
TSH-thyroid-stimulating hormone
what do gonadotrophs secrete?
FSH-follicle stimulating hormone and LH-luteinizing hormone
what do lactotrophs secrete?
what do corticotrophs secrete?
ACTH-adrenocorticotropic hormone and melanocyte-stimulating hormone
What does ACTH do?
stimulates the adrenal cortex to secrete glucocorticoids such as cortisol