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37 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Congress could not raise taxes, states set their own taxes, there were no federal courts, the federal govt. was deeply in debt, and states would sometimes tax goods from other states. These were all...
problems under the Articles of Confederation.
A territory could become a state when it had 60,000 people.
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Delegates met in this building in 1787 to make a new government.
Independence Hall
Divided the land in the territories into townships of 36 sections for sale.
Land Ordinance of 1785
Constitution written by the Second Continental Congress
Articles of Confederation
Met in 1787 and decided to create a whole new government, meeting in private.
Constitutional Convention
Four of the delegates to the Constitutional Convention.
Benjamin Franklin, Samuel Adams, Patrick Henry, Thomas Jefferson.
The 3 branches of the United States Government.
legislative, executive, judicial
The Constitution would become law when this many of the states ratified it.
9 states, or two-thirds.
At the Convention, this plan would have given the states an equal vote in Congress.
New Jersey Plan
At the Convention, this plan would have given the states votes in Congress based on how many people they had.
Virginia Plan
The Great Compromise gave states an equal vote in the...
Senate
The Great Compromise gave states votes by population in the...
House of Representatives
The Great Compromise was also called the...
Connecticut Plan
The agreement on how to count slaves was called the...
Three-fifths Compromise
Congress was not allowed to end the slave trade until this year.
1808
The Constitution can be amended when these many states agree to it.
two-thirds
The Constitution gives each branch of the government some power to do this to other branches.
control
What were the people who wanted the Constitution called?
Federalists
What was the name of the people who did not want the Constituition?
Anti-Federalists
Who were the authors of the collection of essays called The Federalist?
James Madison, John Jay, Alexander Hamilton
What was the first state to ratify the Constitution?
Delaware
What was the ninth state to ratify the Constitution?
New Hampshire
What was the best argument against the new Constitution?
The new Constitution did not protect the freedoms of the people.
What did the supporters of the Constitution promise to do to correct one of its weaknesses.
They promised that the first Congress would add amendments to protect the freedoms of the people.
The first Secretary of State.
Thomas Jefferson
The first Secretary of the Treasury.
Alexander Hamilton
The first Secretary of War.
Henry Knox
The first Attorney General.
Edmund Randolf.
The first President of the United States.
George Washington.
The first ten Amendments to the Constitution were called the...
Bill of Rights
Number of stripes on the first American flag.
13
The number of stars on the American flag is equal to the number of these.
states
Bird on the front of the Great Seal.
bald eagle
America's motto
E Pluribus Unum (one out of many)
Amendment that protects freedom of religion, speech and the press.
First
City where George Washington was first sworn in as president.
New York City